pasta

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pasta

pasta, generic name for thin pieces of hardened, unleavened dough that are molded into various shapes and boiled, not baked. Pasta is commonly associated with Italian cuisine, though similar wheat flour and rice flour pastas, usually called noodles, have been known in Asia for a long time (remains of millet flour noodles dating to c.2000 B.C. have been found in China). Pasta is believed to have been introduced into Europe during the Mongol invasions in the 13th cent. The basic ingredient of Italian-style pasta is semolina, a durum wheat flour, which is moistened with water, kneaded to a smooth dough, and rolled out and cut or formed into various shapes, such as ribbons, tubes, or disks; they may be twisted or ribbed. Thin strands are known as spaghetti (Italian for “little strings”) and very thin as vermicelli (“little worms”). Pasta may contain eggs as well as such flavoring and coloring agents as tomatoes, spinach, and squid ink. In Asia, noodles are a common staple, as in Japan's soba (buckwheat noodles served with a soy dipping sauce), Korea's chilled beef and noodle soup, and China's lo mein (stir-fried wheat noodles paired with a variety of other ingredients) and chow fun (rice noodles). Many other countries have created their own pasta dishes, such as sweet noodle kugel (a Middle-European Jewish dish). Fresh pasta is also served as stuffed dumplings in many countries; the Polish pierogi, kin to Russian piroshki, are filled with meat, cheese, or vegetables. The Chinese serve potstickers, wontons, and many other types of dumplings, and the Italians serve cheese- or meat-stuffed ravioli, tortellini, and other types.

Bibliography

See M. L. and J. D. Scott: The Complete Pasta Book (1988); S. Serventi and F. Sabban, Pasta: The Story of a Universal Food (tr. 2003).

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References in periodicals archive ?
6 Assemble your bowls with vermicelli and beansprouts, then pour a generous amount of dressing on top of it, top with cucumber, chilli, coriander and crushed salted peanuts.
Add the vermicelli and stir-fry on medium flame till it darkens slightly.
To match up to the demands of festive shoppers, grocery shopkeepers have stocked their shelves with different types of vermicelli as a large number of customers are thronging markets to shop for the same.
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We had the Bun Cha Ha Noi--grilled pork belly and pork meat balls in sweet and sour fish sauce, served with vermicelli noodles and fresh herbs.
Balaleet is a traditional, sweet Emirati breakfast dish of egg and vermicelli. The balaleet brioche delight is a hot, delicious concoction of honey, cinnamon, vermicelli and butter-rubbed brioche French toast with Kiri cheese, topped with walnuts and raspberries.
"The size of the chip is about the length of a grain of wheat and the width of a fine piece of vermicelli," Bin Laden wrote.
He wrote: "The size of the chip is about the length of a grain of wheat and the width of a fine piece of vermicelli."
The humanitarian aid with a total value of one million manats, which was sent by ferry from Baku International Sea Trade Port, consists of 19 tons of sugar, 19 tons of granulated sugar, 19 tons of rice, more than eight tons of tea, 16 tons of vegetable oil, 38 tons of flour, 19 tons of macaroni, 18 tons of vermicelli, 3,500 sets of bed linen, 50 generators, 240 tents, 6,006 square meters of iron slate, 70 cubic meters of boards, 40 thousand meters of rails, more than 26 tons of gasoline, about 29 tons of diesel fuel and 195 stoves.
Preparation time: 5 minutes Cooking time: 10 minutes Serves: 2 Ingredients 250ml Alpro coconut cuisine 1 heaped tbsp laksa paste 180g raw king prawns 100g asparagus spears 100g vermicelli rice noodles 500ml boiling water 1 tbsp groundnut oil To garnish 1 lime, cut into wedges 2 eggs, hard boiled, peeled and halved 10g macadamia nuts, toasted and roughly chopped 1 handful fresh coriander 1 handful fresh basil Method 1 Place the noodles in a bowl and pour over enough hot water to cover them.
200g dried vermicelli pasta, broken into small pieces