vertical envelopment


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vertical envelopment

A tactical maneuver in which troops, either air-dropped or air-landed, attack the rear and the flanks of a force, in effect cutting off or encircling the force.
References in periodicals archive ?
They come in several forms: single envelopments, double envelopments, encirclements, and vertical envelopments. All forms avoid the enemy's front, where he possesses the greatest ability to place fires.
Given that reluctance to employ even small numbers of attack helicopters in deep attacks against opponents like the Iraqis and Serbs, the idea that the Army would be willing to send large numbers of cargo-type aircraft deep into enemy airspace for vertical envelopment operations seems highly implausible.
And this cost estimate does not include a very substantial investment in a variety of aerial vehicles and countermeasures that would be required to protect the Air Maneuver Transport during a deep and contested vertical envelopment operation.
Army planners thought their Sky Cavalry could surprise the enemy by dropping troops right into the middle of a fight-"vertical envelopment." That's how most helicopters were employed in Vietnam, and the losses were stagg"The drop might actually take only 30 seconds," Hoven said, "but during that time you were hovering right in front of the enemy, and he was shooting into your engines and right through the door." (Losses during landings were the reason helicopter pilots could be shot down nine times and live to be shot down again.
Marine Aviation underwent a great transformation between 1946 and 1962.The vertical envelopment doctrine led to the restructuring of the entire Marine Corps into a force that was lighter, more airmobile on the battlefield, and more dependent on air power.
Marine Helicopter Transport Squadron (HMR) 161 brought HRS-1s in September 1951 aboard Sitkoh Bay (CVU 86) and quickly began using the newly developed doctrine of vertical envelopment: moving Marine combat troops and their equipment to the battlefield by helo.