) [C.sub.Dsphere]: Stationary drag coefficient [C.sub.Ddisk]: Stationary drag coefficient [R.sub.c]: Model leading edge radius [R.sub.d]: Droplet initial radius U: Air velocity [U.sub.m]: Model velocity [U.sub.std]: Standard Deviation of the air velocity [V.sub.s]: Slip velocity [V.sub.sx]: Horizontal slip velocity [V.sub.sy]: Vertical slip
velocity X: Horizontal position in the PIV reference axes Z: Vertical position in the PIV reference axes.
The cumulative vertical displacement measured in the trench (7.4 m) and the available maximum age for the deformation (72 ka) yielded a minimum vertical slip
rate of 0.1 mm/yr.
*The quake had a 2-m (6.5-ft) horizontal slip and 1-m vertical slip
They say a local bend in the fault may explain the vertical slip
Assuming for the top of the Paramo 2 unit the same age as in the Concud-Celadas area (latest Ruscinian; 3.6 Ma), and assuming that the entire offset is later, the resulting average vertical slip
rate would be 0.06-0.07 mm/y.
Garcia-Mayordomo and Martinez-Diaz (2006) estimated vertical slip
rates of 0.30, 0.20 and 0.10 mm/yr for the Hurchillo, Benejuzar and Guardamar folds, respectively, using the structure contour map of the Pliocene surface presented in Taboada et al.
Practically all of the vertical slip
rate estimations (95%) indicate the source of the data, this being fundamentally "Literature data" (LD) (51%) followed by "Original Data" (OD) (28%) and "Expert Judgment (EJ) (20%).