mandorla

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mandorla

(män`dôrlä), [Ital.,=almond], a medieval Christian artistic convention by which an oval or almond-shaped area or series of lines surrounds a deity, most commonly Jesus. The mandorla is thought to have derived from either Greek or Roman prototypes. Figures of deities were sometimes placed within semicircular outlines on Greek vases. The Romans surrounded portrait busts with medallions and shields. One of the earliest known uses of the mandorla in Christian iconographyiconography
[Gr.,=image-drawing] or iconology
[Gr.,=image-study], in art history, the study and interpretation of figural representations, either individual or symbolic, religious or secular; more broadly, the art of representation by pictures or images, which may or
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 occurs in the 5th-century mosaics in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome. The principal applications of the mandorla, also sometimes termed aureole or vesica pisces, were in paintings depicting the Transfiguration, the Ascension, the Last Judgment, the Harrowing of Hell, and in symbolic portrayals of the evangelists and Christ in Majesty. The Virgin Mary and the major angels were also shown enclosed in a mandorla. The convention, like that of the halo, was discontinued during the Renaissance. See nimbusnimbus
, in art, the luminous disk or circle or other indication of light around the head of a sacred personage. It was used in Buddhist and other Asian art and by the early Greeks and Romans to designate gods and heroes and appeared in Christian art in the 5th cent.
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.

mandorla, vesica piscis

An aureole, almond-shaped, depicted around the full form of a sacred person.
References in periodicals archive ?
En relacion a la morfologia de la genitalia de los machos, luculentus presenta las valvas largas y anchas en la parte subdistal, terminando en una pequena proyeccion algo sinusoide en la parte dorsal y presencia de dos cornuti en la vesica; en griseatum las valvas son cortas y arqueadas hacia la parte interna y, presencia de cornutus grande y esclerosado en el extremo distal de la vesica.
6 Ventromedian projection of pygophore narrow but blunt at apex; dorsal conjunctival appendages large tapering gradually upward and thinly narrow at apex spine-like, vesica a little shorter than penial lobes.....................................
Vesica: esclerito basal con tres puntas (vista dorsal); esclerito dorsal en forma de arco ovalado, dorsoapicalmente ensanchado y aplanado, ventroapicalmente dividido en dos brazos; escleritos laterales (dos) largos, delgados (Fig.
Janet Koplos' essay, "A Complex Harmony, 2000-2010" details a recent decade of work characterised by a series of 'vesicas', a pointed oval formed by the intersection of two circles.
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Vesica con esclerito dorsal cuatro veces tan largo como el lateral, comienza en una placa bifurcada y termina en una placa levemente ensanchada.
The geometry of the building--which is based on the ancient "Vesica Pisces," a fertility symbol derived from overlapping circles--allowed us to create a footprint that would accommodate the program and leave enough circulation space for the rest of the campus to function.
As pointed out by local people the roots of Adhatoda vesica emerged as the excellent remedy for rheumatism.
Modulatory influence of Adhatoda vesica leaf extract on the enzymes of xenobiotic metabolism, anti-oxidant status and lipid peroxidation in mice.
[I am Don Quixote the Manchegan Who, although born in La Mancha Today defend the Stainless One.] (Russell 318; my translation) Another fact that makes the contraposition of "La Mancha" and the Ichthus even more daring is that "the form of the Vesica Piscis" was traditionally "used only for the enclosing of the most sacred objects, more particularly in connection with the Immaculate Conception" (Jenner 34).