Vestibulocochlear Nerve

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vestibulocochlear nerve

[və¦stib·yə·lə′käk·lē·ər ‚nərv]
(neuroscience)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vestibulocochlear Nerve

 

in man, the eighth pair of cranial nerves.

The nerve copsists of two functional parts— the vestibular, which is the conductor of the impulses from the organ of equilibrium, and the cochlear, which perceives auditory stimuli. The vestibular part begins from the vestibular ganglion, which lies on the floor of the internal auditory canal. The peripheral processes of the nerve cells of that ganglion approach the receptor elements of the sacculus, utriculus, and ampulla of the membranous semicircular canals of the inner ear. The cochlear part originates from the spiral ganglion at the base of the bony plate of the cochlea. The peripheral processes of the cells of that ganglion enter into close contact with the receptor apparatus of the spiral organ (organ of Corti), which is located along the entire length of the cochlear canal of the membranous labyrinth. The central processes of the vestibular and spiral ganglia emerge from the inner ear and, as the corresponding parts of the nerve, are directed to the base of the brain. Outside the olivary nucleus of the medulla oblongata the central processes enter the base of the brain and, after uniting, reach their nuclei, which are localized in the corners of the rhomboid fossa.

With infectious or traumatic disorders of the fibers of the cochlear portion of the vestibulocochlear nerve, hearing disorders and even deafness may result. When there are disturbances of the vestibular portion, there is disruption of equilibrium and dizziness.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The tumor was situated on the superior vestibular nerve, which was sacrificed in favor of complete resection of the tumor.
[64] used qRT-PCR and RT-PCR to analyze miR-21 overexpression in eight sporadic VS compared to nine normal vestibular nerves, and five normal greater auricular nerves.
Immunohistochemistry study of human vestibular nerve schwannoma differentiation.
Researchers have examined the excised portions of vestibular nerves obtained from patients with a variety of cochleovestibular disorders, including Meniere's disease, in several previous studies.
Light microscopic examination revealed a wide variation among the five vestibular nerves in the number, density, and size of myelinated axons.
On electron microscopy, distinct abnormalities were observed in the myelination of axons with the vestibular nerves; the most common abnormalities were cleavage, splitting, and fragmentation of the myelin lamellae (figures 2, A, and 2, B).
(9,39) In addition, retrocochlear abnormalities, including degenerative axonal changes, have been observed in the vestibular nerves of some patients with Meniere's disease.
In this article, we describe a study that we undertook to assess the type and extent of pathologic changes that occur in the vestibular nerve in patients with unilateral Meniere's disease whose symptoms are refractory to medical management.

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