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vestments,

garments worn by ecclesiastics in ceremonial functions. The cassock, a close-fitting gown buttoning down the front and reaching to the feet, is not a vestment so much as the daily uniform of the Western priest. Among most Protestants the vestments are generally limited to full gowns, much like academic gowns, sometimes with white bands worn around the neck and tied in front. Some Anglicans and Lutherans approximate the Roman Catholic use. In the Roman Catholic Church the priest's vestments at Mass are the most important. They are often elaborately worked and are usually made of linen or silk. They have remained largely the same since the early Middle Ages; in origin they are the upper-class "Sunday dress" of the late Roman Empire. Certain of them match in color; this "liturgical color" varies according to the Mass being said for that day, e.g., white for Easter and black for requiem Masses. The vestments for Mass are put on over the cassock as follows: the amice, a rectangular white strip covering the shoulders and having strings put around the neck; over this the alb, a long white gown with tight sleeves; the girdle, a rope of hemp or linen with tassels, usually white, confining the alb; the maniple (of the liturgical color), a broad band hanging over the left forearm; the stole (of the liturgical color), a long band hanging around the neck and crossed in front and over all the chasuble (of the liturgical color), a cloak with a hole for the head, cut in at the sides to give the arms freedom of action, often covering only the shoulders and reaching only part way down in front and back. The stole is worn uncrossed when the alb is not worn (as when the priest distributes communion), or diagonally from the left shoulder to the right side (by a deacon). The deacon's vestment par excellence is the dalmatic (of the liturgical color), a coat reaching to the knees, with wide, short sleeves. The cope is a great cape worn by the priest in processions, in giving absolution to the dead, at benediction, and on some other occasions. The vestments proper to a bishop celebrating Mass, in addition to the priest's vestments, are miter, gloves, buskins (stockings), and sandals (slippers). Not properly a vestment but frequently seen in churches is the surplice or cotta, a loose-fitting, white, linen garment reaching to the waist or knees. The only vestment peculiar to the Anglican communion is the chimer worn by some bishops, a black gown with white balloon sleeves of lawn. Related to the chimer, but shorter and sleeveless, is the manteletta of Roman Catholic bishops. See palliumpallium
, vestment proper to the pope, who confers it on archbishops in token of their union with and obedience to him. It is a band of cloth worn around the neck and has a 2-in. (5.1-cm) pendant hanging down in both front and back. There are six black crosses on the pallium.
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Bibliography

For bibliography, see liturgyliturgy, Christian
[Gr. leitourgia = public duty or worship] form of public worship, particularly the form of rite or services prescribed by the various Christian churches.
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; MassMass,
religious service of the Roman Catholic Church, which has as its central act the performance of the sacrament of the Eucharist. It is based on the ancient Latin liturgy of the city of Rome, now used in most, but not all, Roman Catholic churches. The term Mass [Lat.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Until 2017, archaeologists of Kazakhstan discovered seven warriors in gold vestments, which completely changed the idea of the steppe civilization of Eurasia.
The church's General Synod is to consider a motion put forward by one diocese giving clergy freedom to choose what to wear instead of traditional vestments.
In fact, the abbot who approved his vestment project planned it to be viable since 'a lot of Benedictine abbeys make vestments as a source of income.
The church's General Synod will consider a motion put forward by one diocese giving ministers the freedom to choose what to wear instead of traditional vestments.
What he did not tell the proprietor was that he had no clue how to put a vestment together.
He claimed the defendant tied his wrists and ankles with vestment ropes before molesting and raping him.
Following The Opening Bell(SM), met with senior executives of some of the most important global in vestment banks.
But clerical vestment designer Gilbert KilBride and his wife Wendy are still creating a costume for the former Archbishop of Wales at their studio in Llanover, near Abergavenny.
Just ask Venetia Williams, who sent out hot pots Jack Tanner and Silk Vestment to get turned over at Newton Abbot yesterday afternoon.
A targeted in, vestment strategy that looked for market opportunities for products that drew on local resources or conserved local capital is most important.
It is ine vi table that some of the events ,and some of the benefits in terms of in vestment and tourism, will spin off to the regions, so we should all be supportive of this bid for selfish reasons as much as for the good of the nation.
Pope Mark, in the fourth century, instructed the Bishop of Ostia (which d'Estouteville was) to wear the ancient vestment since he had the prerogative of consecrating popes.