vestments


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vestments,

garments worn by ecclesiastics in ceremonial functions. The cassock, a close-fitting gown buttoning down the front and reaching to the feet, is not a vestment so much as the daily uniform of the Western priest. Among most Protestants the vestments are generally limited to full gowns, much like academic gowns, sometimes with white bands worn around the neck and tied in front. Some Anglicans and Lutherans approximate the Roman Catholic use. In the Roman Catholic Church the priest's vestments at Mass are the most important. They are often elaborately worked and are usually made of linen or silk. They have remained largely the same since the early Middle Ages; in origin they are the upper-class "Sunday dress" of the late Roman Empire. Certain of them match in color; this "liturgical color" varies according to the Mass being said for that day, e.g., white for Easter and black for requiem Masses. The vestments for Mass are put on over the cassock as follows: the amice, a rectangular white strip covering the shoulders and having strings put around the neck; over this the alb, a long white gown with tight sleeves; the girdle, a rope of hemp or linen with tassels, usually white, confining the alb; the maniple (of the liturgical color), a broad band hanging over the left forearm; the stole (of the liturgical color), a long band hanging around the neck and crossed in front and over all the chasuble (of the liturgical color), a cloak with a hole for the head, cut in at the sides to give the arms freedom of action, often covering only the shoulders and reaching only part way down in front and back. The stole is worn uncrossed when the alb is not worn (as when the priest distributes communion), or diagonally from the left shoulder to the right side (by a deacon). The deacon's vestment par excellence is the dalmatic (of the liturgical color), a coat reaching to the knees, with wide, short sleeves. The cope is a great cape worn by the priest in processions, in giving absolution to the dead, at benediction, and on some other occasions. The vestments proper to a bishop celebrating Mass, in addition to the priest's vestments, are miter, gloves, buskins (stockings), and sandals (slippers). Not properly a vestment but frequently seen in churches is the surplice or cotta, a loose-fitting, white, linen garment reaching to the waist or knees. The only vestment peculiar to the Anglican communion is the chimer worn by some bishops, a black gown with white balloon sleeves of lawn. Related to the chimer, but shorter and sleeveless, is the manteletta of Roman Catholic bishops. See palliumpallium
, vestment proper to the pope, who confers it on archbishops in token of their union with and obedience to him. It is a band of cloth worn around the neck and has a 2-in. (5.1-cm) pendant hanging down in both front and back. There are six black crosses on the pallium.
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Bibliography

For bibliography, see liturgyliturgy, Christian
[Gr. leitourgia = public duty or worship] form of public worship, particularly the form of rite or services prescribed by the various Christian churches.
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; MassMass,
religious service of the Roman Catholic Church, which has as its central act the performance of the sacrament of the Eucharist. It is based on the ancient Latin liturgy of the city of Rome, now used in most, but not all, Roman Catholic churches. The term Mass [Lat.
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References in periodicals archive ?
For the first time in the history of Azerbaijan about 140 pieces of ancient jewelry art of Kazakhstanincluding the full vestment of the famous "Golden Man" will be delivered to the exhibition.
The body and vestments were "in pristine condition, uncorrupted by any form of infestation and insect activity," he said.
The Anglican church in that country recently decided to let priests wear "lay garments"--normal clothes--rather than traditional vestments while conducting services.
In his opinion, in addition to the full trade liberalization, the new set of measures of the new Government to support in vestments will also help expand bilateral trade.
At the end, the priest undergoes a metamorphosis- he discards his priestly vestments and dons the attire of a farmer.
The bishops approved the designs and gave the women a logo to include on the three vestments.
The children were extremely receptive and full of amazement at seeing him in all his vestments.
But far from playing safe, the Catholic Helena dedicated her life to "the one true faith", praying, doing good works and creating intricate church vestments - her "churchstuffe".
There is certainly no shortage of attention to detail in the fluffy Pope - from the holy vestments of the (http://www.
On their return to Abbotsford House - the home of novelist Sir Walter Scott - the vestments will go on display to the public for the first time.
When Vestments begins, James is thirty years old and a priest a few years past his ordination, but he has begun to wonder whether this life of service and solitude is the one he wants, the one he is truly meant to lead.
These include beadwork, goldwork - a fairly uncommon skill now mostly used for high-quality church vestments and art embroidery - and stumpwork, raised embroidery drawn from vivid designs of 17thcentury needlework.