Vibriosis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Vibriosis: yersiniosis

vibriosis

[‚vib·rē′ō·səs]
(veterinary medicine)
An infectious bacterial disease, primarily of cattle, sheep, and goats, caused by Vibrio fetus and characterized by abortion, retained placenta, and metritis.

Vibriosis

 

vibrionic abortion, an infectious disease of cattle and sheep and, rarely, of swine and goats. Cases of the disease have been established in humans. Caused by a spiral-shaped polymorphic microbe, Vibrio fetus, of the genus Vibrio, family Spirillaceae. The causative agent of vibriosis was first obtained from sheep after abortion and from their aborted fetuses by the English scientists J. Macfadyen and C. Stockman in 1913 and from the aborted fetuses of cows by T. Smith in 1918.

The causative agent of vibriosis is localized in the sperm of bulls, in the sexual organs of sexually mature and immature females, in the fetal membranes and fetuses of pregnant females, and in other tissues. The disease manifests itself by massive infertility of cows and heifers, abortions at various stages of gestation, delay of afterbirth after abortion or normal calving, vaginitis, and metritis. In sheep massive abortions are observed in the second half of the gestation period. In swine and goats the disease is rarely manifested by abortions. In males the symptoms of the disease are not noticeable. In cattle the infection is transmitted during mating, by artificial insemination with sperm from diseased bulls, or by keeping diseased animals together with healthy ones. Sheep are infected mainly by infested fodder or water in the pasture. Aborted fetuses and discharges from the vaginas of sheep that have had abortions are a source of infection. Control measures include the isolation and treatment of sick animals and the careful disinfection of infected premises. The sheep are removed from infected pens and pastures. In order to prevent abortions and decrease infertility, cows and heifers of herds subject to vibriosis are given intrauterine antibiotics during the breeding season. Pregnant animals are given antibiotics in the fodder for prophylaxis.

REFERENCE

Evseichenko, R. I. Vibrioz krupnogo rogatogo skota. Minsk, 1968. (Bibliography.)

P. A. TRILENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
Another treatment option to curb vibriosis in shrimp aquaculture is through phage therapy.
Most investigations on probiotics as biocontrol agents to treat luminescent vibriosis have been performed using various strains of Bacillus.
Green water system as a viable means to control luminous vibriosis in shrimp aquaculture.
Domestically acquired Vibrio infections are rare in northern Europe, and the spike in recorded cases of vibriosis reported in this region is particularly noteworthy.
The cases recorded here are, to our knowledge, the most northerly reported instances of vibriosis documented, exceeding previous studies where cases have been reported at high latitudes, such as Alaska (9) and previously in northern Europe (5).
In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's COVIS (Cholera and Other Vibrio Illness Surveillance) maintains a national database of vibriosis that contained detailed epidemiologic and transmission route information (12).
1] indican que las altas tasas de mortalidad en peces y camarones peneidos con sintomas de septicemia bacteriana (hemorragica en peces), comunmente conocida como vibriosis, han sido ocasionadas por Vibrio harveyi.
Sin embargo, aun asi las vibriosis atribuibles a bacterias luminosas todavia prevalecen en estos paises, lo que demuestra la ineficacia de estos compuestos antimicrobianos, o de las dosis usadas, para evitar el desarrollo de resistencia en los patogenos [9].
Second, because vibriosis did not become officially nationally reportable until 2007, some of the increase of reported cases nationally after 2002 could have been due to increased reporting.
Educational outreach to high-risk populations is a time-honored public health approach, and some have credited that approach with success in reducing the incidence of vibriosis associated with raw oyster consumption, such as in Florida (19).
Her research interest is surveillance of bacterial foodborne illness, in particular cholera, vibriosis, and typhoid fever.