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common name for some members of the Caprifoliaceae, a family comprised mostly of vines and shrubs of the Northern Hemisphere, especially abundant in E Asia and E North America.
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a genus of mainly deciduous shrubs or small trees of the family Caprifoliaceae. The leaves are opposite; they are either entire or lobed. The flowers, which are white or pink, are gathered into an umbel, corymb, or panicle. The marginal flowers are sterile and often larger than the rest. The fruit is a drupe, which is used for food. The bark contains tannins, resin, and several acids. The wood is used in the manufacture of small articles. There are approximately 120-200 species in Europe, Asia, North Africa, and North, Central, and South America. In the USSR there are eight species. The most important of these is the European cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus), which is found in the forests of European USSR, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and Middle Asia. It is cultivated as an ornamental throughout the European USSR, where it is known as buV-denezh. The bark of the trunk and branches yield a liquid ex-tract, which is gathered in the early spring and dried. It is used medically as a hemostatic (mainly in uterine hemorrhages). The species V. orienta lis, which has fruiting marginal blossoms, grows in the Caucasus. The species V. burejaeticum and V. sar-genta are found in the Far East. The wayfaring tree also belongs to the genus Viburnum.
T. G. LEONOVA