However, the idea of caliph substituting for image reflects both secular and sacred aspects of the human mission as God's vicegerent
in the world and among other creatures.
As Ahmad rightly pointed that Islam, 'integrates humans with God and his creation in such a way that the humans move in co-operation with all that exists." Therefore, in capacity of God's vicegerent
or His representative, man ought to act in keeping with God's attributes, considering that harmony and equilibrium can be attained only by the integration of material with the spiritual.
That which Ibn'Arabi calls human is alInsan al-Kamil, a human who has been created as vicegerent
Instead, the concept of CSR in Islam comprehends a broader meaning embracing the taqwa dimension (Allah-consciousness) by which companies as groups of individuals, assume the roles and responsibilities as servants and vicegerents
in all situations.
In IEP, as the vicegerent
of God, the human beings are the superior creation of all the creatures, provided that they do justice and act responsibly within God's arrangement and ruling toward fellow human and non-human animals.
In contrast to the preceding Muscovite campaigns against Kazan, Ivan IV's campaign of "conquest" in 1552 brought quick and decisive victory in the sense that the military overthrow of the Kazan Khanate was achieved in just a few weeks, the noble faction supporting Girei candidates for the Kazan throne was soundly defeated, and the tsar's sovereignty was politically cemented as well as symbolically asserted by the installation of a Muscovite vicegerent
. Conquest in the broader sense of the pacification of the outlying population, the Cheremis of Vetluga and Rutka basins (the Lugovaia storona, to the west) and the Tatar princes and mirzas (on the Arskaia storona, to the east) took until 1557, however (30, 37-38).
Since he is the vicar of God, And that he ought to be under the law appears clearly in the analogy of Jesus Christ, whose vicegerent
on earth he is.
Human beings are alone, ALLAH's vicegerent
, can be educated/instructed as well as trained.
For all practical purposes, Mary successfully served as William's vicegerent
"Behold, thy Lord said to the angels, 'I'll create a vicegerent
on earth.' They said: 'Wilt Thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood?--whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?
This is in direct violation of the trusteeship (amanah) concept that as a vicegerent
(khalifah), man has to maintain the balance of the ecosystem for sustenance of the human beings and other creatures of the planet (Sri Wartini, 2011: 397).
Taking the three in turn, he covers monarchy and republic, the monarch and God's vicegerent
, and monarch and Middle-Earth.