victims' rights

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victims' rights

victims' rights, rights of victims in the prosecution of the crimes commited against them. Nearly all U.S. states have enacted some victims rights legislation; federal legislation also has been passed. Such laws typically ensure that victims receive respectful and compassionate treatment, that they are informed at critical stages of the criminal prosecution, and that their courtroom attendance and comments are invited when appropriate. Among the significant results of victims' rights laws has been the right of victims to make victim-impact statements at sentencing and parole hearings. Some critics have voiced concerns that such statements may influence sentencing unevenly, based on whether the victim or defendant is viewed more sympathetically, and that in general victim-impact statements tend to encourage sentencing based on emotion, sentiment, and even revenge rather than on reasoned judgment and the law.
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The role of advocates in the Victims Rights Unit goes beyond providing a steady presence and support at court hearings and trials.
The rules give victims rights, protection and supports but the Government has failed to meet a deadline to legislate it.
Victims rights' advocates say no taxpayer money is actually saved on early release because inmate care moves to other government programs.
See Alaska Office of Victims' Rights, Office of Victims Rights Staff available at http://www.officeofvictimsrights.legis.state.ak.us/ovrstaff.htm (last visited Oct.
For example, in 1990, Congress passed the federal Victims Rights and Restitution Act -- better known as the Victims' Bill of Rights.
Three of these deal with juvenile justice while two address the subject of victims rights. Each tends to favor the increased federalization of the criminal justice system.
Many state constitutions give crime victims rights to notices of various proceedings and rights to participate in the proceedings.

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