Villanella(redirected from villanelle)
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a genre of Italian everyday vocal music of the 15th and 16th centuries that developed from the peasant folk song. The music of the villanella is of a light character; frequently, dance music. Usually the villanella is homophonic, often for three voices, and includes parallel movement of the voices. Villanellas were performed without accompaniment or to the accompaniment of the lute. The form of the villanella is stanzas with a refrain. There are love-lyric, comic, satirical, and game villanellas and villanellas dealing with everyday life. The villanella originated in Naples, spread throughout Italy (among composers of villanellas are D. da Nola, O. Vecchi, L. Giustiniani, and B. Donato), and then to other countries. In 16th-century France, there appeared a French variety of villanella dealing with pastoral life.
A. G. IUSFIN