Garcia-Cruz, "Properties of a biosurfactant produced by Bacillus pumilus using vinasse
and waste frying oil as alternative carbon sources," Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, vol.
from the ethanol industry is one of the major environmental pollutants.
added to dried sugar beet pulp: preference rate, voluntary intake and digestive utilization in sheep.
Thesis, Study on fermentation technology of production of the fuel ethanol from Canna edulis Ker or corn and feed stuff by lacti- transformation from vinasse
,Southern Yangtze University, (2004).
Modified dried vinasse
is included in this supplement as a protein supplement.
Some countries like Brazil have already begun using residues from the fields as a source of energy (bagasse and leaves) and of bio-fertilizers (vinasse
Agricultural use of three (sugar-beet) vinasse
composts: Effect on crops and chemical properties of a Cambisol soil in the Guadalquivir river valley (SW Spain).
Only half of the conduits where they deposit the vinasse
[fertiliser] are made from cement.
The sugar cane processing leads to additional environmental problems, such as depleting oxygen in water systems by resulting waste water (12 liter of a red acid fluid with an extremely high oxygen demand in waste water treatment, called 'bagasse' or 'vinasse
', are a side product of 1 liter of ethanol produced), and air pollution caused by sugar cane straw incineration.