vinyl

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Related to vinylic: allylic

vinyl

1. of, consisting of, or containing the monovalent group of atoms CH2CH-
2. of, consisting of, or made of a vinyl resin
3. any vinyl polymer, resin, or plastic, esp PVC
4. (collectively) conventional records made of vinyl as opposed to compact discs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

vinyl

Any of various tough, flexible plastics made from polyvinyl resin. See also: Plexiglas
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

vinyl

A thermoplastic compound made from polymerized vinyl chloride, vinylide chloride, or vinyl acetate; includes some plastics made from styrene and other chemicals.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

vinyl record

An analog audio recording pressed in vinyl. The 45 RPM record holds one song per side, while 33 1/3 RPM "Long Play" records hold an entire album (see LP). With the sound literally "carved" in a spiral groove starting at the outer edge of the platter, the undulations in the groove are an analog of the original acoustic waves. A needle (stylus) is placed in the groove, which oscillates as the platter rotates. The oscillations are converted to electricity, amplified and sent to the speakers.

The Stereo V Groove Breakthrough
In a monophonic record, an undulating horizontal groove is cut into the vinyl, providing both frequency and amplitude. Stereo, which was a big deal when introduced in the late 1950s, was designed for backward compatibility. Stereo places left and right channels in a V groove, and each side of the groove is 90 degrees from the other. From the horizontal motion of the stylus, the stereo cartridge senses the channels independently, but a monophonic cartridge picks up left and right as one. However, the stereo groove has a vertical component that provides a left-minus-right difference signal, which is only picked up by the stereo cartridge.

A Bit of a Renaissance
Audiophiles believe the analog sound in vinyl records is the purest audio recording, and vinyl records and turntables have been making a comeback over the past several years. Although only a fraction of total music revenue, approximately 13 and 14 million vinyl record albums were sold in 2016 and 2017 respectively. See stylus and turntable.


The 78 RPM Record
Originally constructed of shellac resin, 78 records made of vinyl debuted during World War II, when shellac was limited. This Edison 78 RPM player was made by the Victor Talking Machine Company circa 1916.







45 RPM Players
Introduced in the late 1940s, the small 45 RPM vinyl record was a hit among teenagers. Due to the smaller size, portable players became very popular. (Images courtesy of Vintage Vibe, www.thevintagevibestore.com)


45 RPM Players
Introduced in the late 1940s, the small 45 RPM vinyl record was a hit among teenagers. Due to the smaller size, portable players became very popular. (Images courtesy of Vintage Vibe, www.thevintagevibestore.com)







"The Sweet Sound of Vinyl"
A far cry from the turntables above, this VPI Avenger for 33 RPM LPs is pure audiophile quality. "The sweet sound of vinyl" is the company's tag line for the product. (Image courtesy of VPI Industries, www.vpiindustries.com)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Light orange crystals, Yield (2.9 g, 90%), m.p 202-204[degrees]C, IR (KBr, [v.sub.max] in [cm.sup.-1]): 3401 (-NH), 2956 (=C-H), 1891 (C=N), 1610 (C=C), 1644 (C=O), [sup.1]H NMR (DMSO-[d.sub.6], 400 MHz) [delta] ppm: 7.33-7.37 (d, 1H, -C=CH, vinylic proton, [J.sub.H-H] = 16.4 Hz), 7.48-7.67 (m, 8 aryl, 5 phenyl), 10.2 (s, 1H, -NH of benzimidazole), [sup.13]C NMR (DMSO-[d.sub.6], 100 MHz) d ppm: 102, 106, 108, 110, 112, 120, 121, 122, 128, 129, 130, 132, 142, 148, 152, 190 (12 aryl carbons, 6 phenyl carbons, 2 vinylic carbons, 1 imidazole quaternarycarbon and 1 carbonyl carbon), MS (m/z): 325.2 ([M.sup.+*]), Anal.
(S)-tert-Butyl-3-(acryloyloxy)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (12, Method A) was isolated as a pale yellow oil (43.6%); [sup.1]H NMR [delta] 6.30 (d, [delta] = 5.8Hz, [sup.1]H, vinylic CH); 5.99 (dd, [delta] = 3.5, 5.8Hz, [sup.1]H, vinylic CH); 5.73 (d, [delta] = 3.5 Hz, [sup.1]H, vinylic CH); 5.23 (br m, [sup.1]H, ring diastereotopic 4-CH); 3.47 (m, 2H, N-C[H.sub.2]); 3.33 (m, 2H, N-C[H.sub.2]); 1.95 (m, 2H, ring 4-C[H.sub.2]); 1.34 (s, 9H, t-BOC C[H.sub.3]); [sup.13]C NMR [delta] 28.6, 30.9, 31.7, 43.7, 44.12, 51.5, 51.9, 73.3, 74.1, 79.7, 128.4, 131.4, 154.5, and 165.8; IR (film) 3061, 2979, 2885, 1727, 1620, 1479, 1412, 1366, 1297, 1270, 1192, 1117, and 1096 [cm.sup.?1]; EIMS (70 eV): 168 [[M-t-BuO].sup.+], 113 [[[C.sub.5][H.sub.7]N[O.sub.2]].sup.+], and 57 [[t-Bu].sup.+].
[sup.1]H NMR in (DMSO-[d.sub.6]), [delta]: 2.23 (s, 3H,- CHa); 4.89-4.80 (m, 2H, -O-C[H.sub.2]-C[F.sub.3]); 5.55 (s, 2H, -N-C[H.sub.2]-pyridine ring); 7.14-7.18 (d, 1H, vinylic proton); 7.88 (s, 1H, indole ring protons); 7.67 (d, 1H, vinylic proton); 7.30-8.23 (m, 8H, Ar-H); 7.40 (d, 1H, pyridine-H); 8.21 (d, 1H, pyridine-H); Mass (m/z): 485 (M+[H.sup.+]).
Gubert et al., "A possible neuroprotective action of a vinylic telluride against Mn-induced neurotoxicity," Toxicological Sciences, vol.
benzylic = allylic > tertiary carbon > secondary carbon > primary carbon > vinylic >> phenyl
Also functions as an inhibitor and shortstopping agent for acrylic and vinylic monomers.
It is a stable white solid that is soluble in a range of organic solvents and copolymerizes with other vinylic monomers.
The vinylic proton in the enamine is easily observed as a single peak at 8.81 ppm; signals at higher field belonging to the protons H-4 and 1-OH at [delta] 8.16 and 7.63 ppm, respectively, are coupled.
This carbon atom allows for an attack by different nucleophiles (S- and N-) in nucleophilic vinylic substitution (SNVin) processes.
Synergy between the highly reactive terminal acrylate functionality and the internal vinylic structures was evident when compared to binary blends of monomeric diacrylate and poly(butadiene), and may also contribute to the efficiency of the polymeric diacrylate coagent compared to monomeric forms.
This sequence of steps--alkene binding, functionalization, and retrocycloaddition--represents an overall vinylic C-H functionalization reaction of simple olefins which does not require the use of directing groups.
Besides addition polymerization of vinylic monomers, Zhou and coworkers, after proper surface modification, performed surface-initiated ring-opening polymerizations of norbornene, lactide, and carprolactone, respectively [34-36].