Virilism


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Related to Virilism: virilisation, Cushing syndrome

virilism

[′vir·ə‚liz·əm]
(medicine)
(psychology)
Masculinity.
Manifestation of male behavioral patterns in the female.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Virilism

 

masculinization, appearance in women of male secondary sex characteristics. In virilism the voice becomes deeper, downy hair sprouts on the face and body, a mustache and beard grow, the external genitalia become enlarged, and the internal female genitalia become underdeveloped (and atrophy in adults). Menstruation does not occur, or if it does, it soon ceases. The musculature and skeleton acquire male features. Virilism arises from functional or organic changes in the endocrine system, especially in the adrenal cortex and anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Virilism may also be caused by brain tumors, true or false hermaphroditism, preg-nancy, and the climacteric. Treatment is aimed at removing the main causes.

REFERENCES

Shereshevskii, N. A., and E. A. Vasiukova. “O tak nazyvaemom virilizme.” Klinicheskaia meditsina, 1948, vol. 26, [no.] 9.
Mowbray, R. R. [et al.]. “Steroid Therapy in Hirsutism and Virilism.” British MedicalJournal, 1959, no. 5150, pp. 456-59.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Use of cyproterone acetate in the treatment of acne, hirsutism and virilism. The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry, 6, 827-836.
A IT sounds as if you have a rare condition known as virilism. This is when females develop male characteristics such as hair loss, growth of the clitoris and deepening voice.