visa


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visa

an endorsement in a passport or similar document, signifying that the document is in order and permitting its bearer to travel into or through the country of the government issuing it

Visa

 

in the broadest sense of the word, the signature of the corresponding official on a certain document or act, either attesting to its authenticity or putting it into effect; in the narrow sense of the word, a visa is a notification in a passport which signifies permission for entry of a given person into the territory of another state, for exit from that territory, or for passage through it.

Correspondingly, there are distinct types of visas—exit, entry, and transit—issued by the competent state bodies for a definite term. The majority of states have instituted a permit system for the entry of foreigners; that is, the entry of foreigners is permitted only with a corresponding visa in their passports. In some instances, certain states have established a simplified system of entry for foreigners: examples include systems for tourists (by lists), the crews of foreign trading ships (by passage books), and the inhabitants of border regions for short-term business stays (by permits). Passengers on international air and sea routes are not required to have transit visas if they do not leave the territory of the airport or the ship.

Entry, exit, and transit without visas may be established by special agreements between states. Thus, the capitalist countries of Western Europe in the postwar period have concluded a series of agreements by which citizens of these countries or citizens of the USA, Australia, or Canada have the right of entry into the territories of Western European countries without visas if they have a national passport for travel abroad. Customarily, the rules of entry without visas have been extended to apply to foreigners who do not intend to receive the right of continuing residence in the country of entry.

In the USSR the system permitting entry, exit, and transit is regulated by the special Statute on Entry to and Exit From the USSR. Entry of foreigners is permitted only if they have a visa issued by embassies, missions, and consulates of the USSR abroad. Citizens of countries without diplomatic and consular relations with the USSR may apply for visas at an embassy or consulate of the USSR in any country. Visas for entry into the USSR are sometimes issued abroad by especially empowered Soviet representatives. Exit visas from the USSR are issued by the ministries of foreign affairs of the USSR and of its Union republics, by diplomatic agencies of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and by police agencies. Entry, exit, and transit without visas is possible only if there are special agreements between corresponding states. The USSR has such agreements with a majority of the socialist countries.

I. P. BLISHCHENKO

V. I. MENZHINSKII

visa

(1) (Visa credit card) See EMV.

(2) (Video Electronics Standards Association) See VESA.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the US government, citizens of some countries across the world are currently required to pay the reciprocity fee after their non-immigrant visa application has been approved.
Under this new policy, Nigerian citizens whose applications for a nonimmigrant visa are denied will not be charged the new reciprocity fee.
He said the problem arises when an agency or a visa fixer would provide fake bank statements or a fake employment history 'claiming that that would improve applicants chances of getting a visa.'
We look at the applicant's application, we interview them based on their application and their purpose of travel and probably make the determination if they qualify for that US visa under law," she said.
DoI hiked visa fee for tourists in a range between USD 5 and USD 35.
"During 2018, a number of 22,687 visa applicants were granted a Schengen visa, thus accounting for almost 97pc of all visa applications."
It is important to mention that over the first six months of 2019, 78 percent of foreigners who arrived in Azerbaijan via ASAN Visa indicated tourism as their purpose of visit, with the rest having indicated purposes such as attending the Europa League final, Formula 1, and other international events.
Special Branch has asked seminaries' administrations to send foreign students' documents to the interior ministry so their visas can be extended.
Last month, the US had imposed sanctions on Pakistan as latter had refused to take back its citizen deportees and visa over-stayers.
Meanwhile, an additional fee was levied on H (Temporary Work Visa), I (Journalist and Media Visa), L (Intercompany Transfer Visa), and R (Religious Worker Visa) visas only if the visa application was approved, said a statement issued by the US Embassy in Islamabad.
Earlier in March, US reduced visa validity for Pakistani citizens from five years to 12 months whereas journalists and media persons will not be allowed to stay in the country for over three months without renewing the travel permit, the US embassy in Islamabad announced on Tuesday.
Vasu Shroff, chairman of the Regal Group of Companies, and Khushi Khatwani, managing director of the Khushi Group of Companies and Al Nisr Cinema Film, became the first Indians to benefit from the long-term visa scheme.