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an endorsement in a passport or similar document, signifying that the document is in order and permitting its bearer to travel into or through the country of the government issuing it



in the broadest sense of the word, the signature of the corresponding official on a certain document or act, either attesting to its authenticity or putting it into effect; in the narrow sense of the word, a visa is a notification in a passport which signifies permission for entry of a given person into the territory of another state, for exit from that territory, or for passage through it.

Correspondingly, there are distinct types of visas—exit, entry, and transit—issued by the competent state bodies for a definite term. The majority of states have instituted a permit system for the entry of foreigners; that is, the entry of foreigners is permitted only with a corresponding visa in their passports. In some instances, certain states have established a simplified system of entry for foreigners: examples include systems for tourists (by lists), the crews of foreign trading ships (by passage books), and the inhabitants of border regions for short-term business stays (by permits). Passengers on international air and sea routes are not required to have transit visas if they do not leave the territory of the airport or the ship.

Entry, exit, and transit without visas may be established by special agreements between states. Thus, the capitalist countries of Western Europe in the postwar period have concluded a series of agreements by which citizens of these countries or citizens of the USA, Australia, or Canada have the right of entry into the territories of Western European countries without visas if they have a national passport for travel abroad. Customarily, the rules of entry without visas have been extended to apply to foreigners who do not intend to receive the right of continuing residence in the country of entry.

In the USSR the system permitting entry, exit, and transit is regulated by the special Statute on Entry to and Exit From the USSR. Entry of foreigners is permitted only if they have a visa issued by embassies, missions, and consulates of the USSR abroad. Citizens of countries without diplomatic and consular relations with the USSR may apply for visas at an embassy or consulate of the USSR in any country. Visas for entry into the USSR are sometimes issued abroad by especially empowered Soviet representatives. Exit visas from the USSR are issued by the ministries of foreign affairs of the USSR and of its Union republics, by diplomatic agencies of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and by police agencies. Entry, exit, and transit without visas is possible only if there are special agreements between corresponding states. The USSR has such agreements with a majority of the socialist countries.



References in periodicals archive ?
Travel agencies also benefit from Visa's new program as payment for tickets issued will be obtained through the travel account Visa issuer bank.
For example, we began deployment of our Biometric Visa Program on September 22, 2003, at five pilot posts.
has also experienced difficulty processing Visa transactions.
Because the patient administered vancomycin and emptied the biliary drainage reservoir herself, nurses did not wear face shields or masks before VISA was identified.
A "friend of the court" brief was filed in support of Visa by Professor Philip Areeda of the Harvard Law School on behalf of the American Automobile Manufacturers Association (the domestic "Big 3"), Chevron Corp.
During their stay at Pinehurst, Visa Signature cardholders will have advance reservation opportunities for special packages and events, complimentary golf club rental, Internet access, spa amenities and special rates on future visits.
Visa Interactive is "card based", allowing customers to maintain strong ties to their bank through a familiar piece of plastic, their bank card, to conduct banking transactions.
These associations are the building blocks of Visa Signature's marketing and reflect the type of insights into the new affluent demographic that have made this product a success," said Lyons.
Beahn added that customers who utilize Mellon's ATM transaction processing can combine this service with Visa check card to benefit from cost and operational economies of scale.
Visa Contactless provides even greater convenience to Tully's customers by eliminating the need for a signature for most payments under $25, while cardholders receive all the same security protections the industry has come to expect from Visa.
Earlier this month, the Visa Olympics of the Imagination program was launched to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Olympic movement.