Amounts of Vitamin K1
were reported to be decreased (p< 0.05) in the ligand, Cu complex groups compared to the other groups while the [alpha]-tocopherol amount was reported to be decreased (p< 0.05) in the ligand, Zn and Mn complex groups compared to the other groups.
* Vitamin K1
is converted by gut bacteria into vitamin K2.
The same research team also reported less bone loss with vitamin K1
supplements, but other researchers later tried--and failed--to replicate that result.
Since vitamin K1
is very helpful in wound healing, there are topical creams formulated with this vitamin that helps in bruises and scars, most especially for those who underwent surgery.
. Vitamin K1
, also known as phylloquinone, is found in plants.
Wyller et al., "Vitamin K1
and 25(OH)D are independently and synergistically associated with a risk for hip fracture in an elderly population: A case control study," Clinical Nutrition, vol.
Badmaev explained that the particular role of vitamin K2, especially menaquinone-7 (MK-7), has been highlighted in the literature recently and distinguished from vitamin K1
in maintaining calcium homeostasis and a healthy skeletal system.
1 RUNNER beans contain vitamin K1
which is essential for blood clotting and protecting against heart disease.
Paterson et al., "Two-year randomized controlled trial of vitamin K1
(phylloquinone) and vitamin D3 plus calcium on the bone health of older women," Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol.
Supplementation of low dose vitamin K1
(500 [micro]gm/day) for 3 years (LOE-B) did not improve bone density in the treatment group .
Liu, "Measurement of vitamin K1
in commercial canola cultivars from growing locations in North and South America using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry," Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol.
Phylloquinone (vitamin K1
, phytonadione) is found especially in dark-green leafy vegetables and seeds, and menaquinone-7 (Vitamin K2), formed mostly by bacteria, maybe obtained from meat, eggs, and fermented cheese [11, 73].