are follicular, numerous, scattered laterally from the anterior to ventral sucker and posteriorly to the end of the body, confluent in the posterior body region.
[4.] Maranz S and Z Weisman Evidence of indigenous selection and distribution of the shea trees (Vitellaria
paradoxa) and is important significance to prevailing parkland savanna tree patterns in Sub Saharan Africa north of equator.
consist of two very small, dark, elongate, masses 0.021-0.032 in length.
[6.] Maranz S, Kpikpi W, Weisman Z, Sauveur AD and B Chapagain Nutritional values and indigenous preferences for shea fruits (Vitellaria
paradoxa CF Gaertn.) in African Agroforestry parklands.
The present new species, therefore, is distinctly different from the previously described species of the genus in having a combination of characters such as ventral sucker at least 3 times larger than the oral sucker, vitellaria
situated more anteriorly with relatively small winding tubules, uterus does not reach in ecsoma and tail is relatively short.
The present specimens are included in the family Hemiuridae because of tubular vitellaria
and other diagnostic features.
follicular, extending from mid level of ventral sucker up to posterior end of body and to lateral body margins, confluent in post-testicular space, never reach to anterior margin of ventral sucker.
Body length, 3.8- 4.2 including tail, greatest width, 1.33-1.37 at the level of vitellaria
. Oral sucker is terminal, 0.13-0.15 x 0.15-0.17, prepharynx absent, pharynx rounded, very small, 0.08-0.10 in diameter.
John's wort), the antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory (11), analgesic and antioxidant effects of Urtica dioica (UD) (stinging nettle) (12), the antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, antineoplastic and anti-inflammatory (13) effects of Cocos nucifera, reducing inflammation, increasing collagen muscle activity of Vitellaria
paradoxa (VP) (14), the very important role in wound healing of zinc oxide (15), and the antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of Thymus vulgaris (TD) (16) have been proven by scientific studies.
Summary: Shea butter is defined as the edible fat that is extracted from the shea kernels or shea nuts of Vitellaria
paradoxa, commonly known as the shea tree.