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a place where live animals are kept under natural conditions for study, research, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an enclosure in which different animals, mainly laboratory animals used for experimental purposes, are kept. A vivarium can also be used as a place to breed animals. There are specialized vivariums for dogs, monkeys, and other animals and general vivariums in which various animal species are kept. Vivariums are used mostly to keep dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, white rats, white mice, hamsters, and gerbils. Vivariums may include aquariums, insectaries, terraria, and open-air cages for birds.

Microbiological research organizations have vivariums in which animals that are particularly susceptible to diseases caused by microorganisms (such as mice and rats) are usually kept. To prevent the spread of diseases, including those experimentally induced, the animals are usually kept in isolated, easily disinfected metal or glass cages.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An enclosure for raising animals and keeping them under observation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
UCSF's vivarium building was built in 2003-2005 as a state-of-the-art facility with 88,813 gross [ft.sup.2] (8251 gross [m.sup.2]) of conditioned space.
By retaining a commissioning firm and personnel with extensive familiarity with the specialized type of building (the processes unique to vivarium occupancy as well as the conventional HVAC equipment), and this building specifically (including some of the users and operating staff), the project set itself up for success.
Further studies should be undertaken for more in-depth knowledge and data on the effects of humidity and animal density in vivariums housing Wistar rats.
Current study investigates whether the dam, the season at parturition, the dam's age at parturition or the density of animals in the room on the day of parturition are related to cannibalism exhibited by Wistar dams at the Central Vivarium of the Federal University of Sao Joao del Rei, Sao Joao del Rei, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
As noted earlier, in a majority of labs and vivariums, the airflow often is dictated by the minimum air change rate for the space, which might be up to 12 ach in a lab room or up to 20 ach in a vivarium.
A different approach to saving energy in labs that solves these aforementioned problems and has been shown to effectively and safely reduce air change rates in labs and vivariums is a demand based approach that directly senses the quality of the air for such contaminants as volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ammonia, other sensed chemical vapors, and particulates.
3, left) have long been the workhorses of large vivariums. Equipment manufacturer, have recognized the labor-intensive operations required in the cleaning and sterilizing of cage and racks within large facility.
In most vivariums, the combined dump station/washer/dryer/bedding dispenser is the most appropriate piece of equipment for dealing with a large number of mouse cages.
Several new design and equipment trends are being implemented in vivariums. However, robotic vivarium systems "may only be applicable to very large facilities if economic payback is the key driver," says Corey.
Many educational institutions and research facilities don't advertise the fact that they have a vivarium. In fact, doing a Web search for vivariums will turn up very little information, specifically because these organizations don't want to advertise their facility to keep its research and employees safe.
There are two air-handling units (25,000 cfm [11 798 L/s] each) for the office and general building areas; two air-handling units (135,000 cfm [63 706 L/s] each) for the laboratory and laboratory support spaces; and four air-handling units (25,000 cfm [11 798 L/s] each) to serve the vivarium space.
The laboratory/laboratory support and vivarium air-handling units are 100% outside air design with glycol runaround energy recovery coils in the air-handling units and in the respective exhaust streams for these systems.