vole


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

vole,

name for a large number of mouselike rodentsrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
..... Click the link for more information.
, related to the lemmingslemming,
name for several species of mouselike rodents related to the voles. All live in arctic or northern regions, inhabiting tundra or open meadows. They frequently nest in underground burrows, particularly in winter, although they do not hibernate.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Most range in length from 3 1-2 to 7 in. (9–18 cm) and have rounded bodies with gray or brown coats, blunt muzzles, small ears concealed in the long fur, and short tails. They are found in a wide variety of habitats. Of the approximately 70 vole species, over 40, distributed throughout North America, Eurasia, and North Africa, are classified in the genus Microtus. These voles typically make runways under dense vegetation or shallow burrows in the ground. They feed chiefly on grasses but also eat bark, leaves, seeds, and insects. They are known in North America as field mice or meadow mice (the Old World field mice are not voles). Like lemmings and various other small rodents, these voles periodically undergo population explosions which cause them to swarm over the countryside. Of similar distribution are the five species of red-backed voles, genus Clethrionomys, which spend much of their time in shrubs and bushes. Species of the North American genus Phenacomys nest in trees and are known as tree mice or lemming mice. The sagebrush vole, Lagarus curtatus, is found in the W United States. Other Lagarus species, found in S Russia and Mongolia, are misleadingly called steppe lemmings. The water vole, Arvicola, of Europe and W Asia, is a large, semiaquatic vole, somewhat resembling the closely related muskratmuskrat,
North American aquatic rodent. The common muskrats, species of the genus Ondatra, are sometimes called by their Native American name, musquash. They are found in marshes, quiet streams, and ponds through most of North America N of Mexico, but are absent from the
..... Click the link for more information.
. Voles are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Crecetidae. See also mousemouse,
name applied to numerous species of small rodents, often having soft gray or brown fur, long hairless tails, and large ears. The chief distinction between these animals and the variety of rodents called rats is in size: mice are usually smaller.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

vole

[vōl]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of about 79 species of rodent in the tribe Microtini of the family Cricetidae; individuals have a stout body with short legs, small ears, and a blunt nose.

vole

1
any of numerous small rodents of the genus Microtus and related genera, mostly of Eurasia and North America and having a stocky body, short tail, and inconspicuous ears: family Cricetidae

vole

2
(in some card games, such as ?cart?) the taking of all the tricks in a deal, thus scoring extra points
References in periodicals archive ?
Water voles were once a common sight on waterways, especially on the ancient reens and ditches of the Gwent Levels between Chepstow and Cardiff.
Now the latest data from a survey period of 2006-2015 shows a 30% decline in the distribution of water voles - Ratty in Kenneth Grahame's classic Wind in the Willows.
Reducing cover makes voles more vulnerable to predators such as hawks and owls.
Those studies revealed that male voles who drink heavily are more likely to cheat compared to voles who are more moderate drinkers.
other animals, environmental sources) might play in modulating infection prevalence among vole populations still needs to be clarified.
Field records indicate that water voles were widespread in Northumberland and County Durham.
Alice added: "We talked about the importance of being able to distinguish between a rat and a water vole and why we need to protect this iconic British mammal and keystone species.
We selected sites based on (1) our field experience with rock voles in Minnesota and New York (FJJ); (2) the report of rock voles on clearcuts by Kirkland (1977); and (3) our suspicion that eskers are appropriate rock vole habitat.
Taxonomically, moles and voles exhibit poignant anatomical differences.
Captive housing during water vole (Arvicola terrestris) reintroduction: does short-term social stress impact on animal welfare?
Rory Stewart, Environment Minister, said:Thanks to the great work of the Environment Agency, the Wildlife Trust and Stig s keen sense of smell, the water vole, a much loved character from The Wind in the Willows, is thriving once again here on Hertfordshire s ancient river banks and streams.
Voles are good diggers and make underground burrows.