voluntary association

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voluntary association

or

voluntary organization

any organization (political parties, recreational clubs, etc.) where membership is optional and not a standard requirement of membership of a particular society. As Pickvance (1986) states, there is general agreement that voluntary associations are not institutions in the sense of social structures devised to organize action in the main areas of social life, such as firms, schools, governments’. Pickvance also identifies four further usual criteria in both common-sense and sociological definitions of voluntary associations:
  1. non-commercial orientation;
  2. they are public organizations in the sense that, formally at least, access is open to all;
  3. they are formally constituted organizations, often with an elected administration;
  4. they are nonstatutory, not established by law.

In the USA especially, voluntary associations have been widely identified as playing an indispensable role in the maintenance of STABLE DEMOCRACY, as fostering a participatory POLITICAL CULTURE and providing a training ground for political leaders. See also INTERMEDIATE (OR SECONDARY) GROUPS.

A renewed emphasis is being placed on voluntary and ‘third sector’ activity -including new partnerships with the state -in the less state-centred politics of the THIRD WAY. see also CIVIC ENTREPRENEUR.

References in periodicals archive ?
* Enhance the sector's ability to share information with other voluntary organizations, governments and other major stakeholders;
The second consideration involves the relative power of the voluntary organization's many stakeholders.
For a complete list of these organizations, with links to their websites, visit Texas Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster.
Cash contributions to voluntary organizations make good sense for a number of reasons:Financial contributions help ensure a steady flow of important services to disaster survivors in need;Local organizations spend the money in the local disaster area, accelerating recovery of the local economy;Cash donations rather than unsolicited donated goodsavoid the complicated, costly and time-consuming process of collecting, transporting and distributing the goods, and Cash donations to recognized relief organizations are tax-deductible.
The purpose of these voluntary organizations is to assist convicts in spiritual, professional and physical development, develop useful initiative of convicts, render positive influence on convicts, participate in the decision making of organization of works, assist to administration of the penal colonies in maintenance of discipline and order, form the healthy relations between the convicts, provide social assistance to convicts and their families.
Chairman of Central Africa Department at the National Congress, Muhanad Awad has appreciated the role being played by the national voluntary organizations and its response to the humanitarian needs in Central Africa Republic, Affirming the NC keenness to maintain good relation with the neighboring countries .
McCleary's work was selected by a judging committee of AFP's Research Council and was praised as first truly comprehensive study of private voluntary organizations and their complex interaction with the U.S.
Voluntary organizations have traditionally played a major role in the nation's response to disasters, but the response to Hurricane Katrina raised concerns about their ability to handle large-scale disasters.
These programs provide direct and indirect funding to a wide range of voluntary organizations (mostly smaller ones) that help implement their goals.
Marty, Joining In: Exploring The History Of Voluntary Organizations by Karen J.
Friendly societies were also voluntary organizations which provided conviviality and, correspondingly, the development of an identity or political consciousness that allowed working men and women to engage in economic, social, and political organization while maintaining the respectability and even social conservatism that was so valued in Victorian culture.
was characterized by an enormous efflorescence of voluntary organizations. If you look at membership in churches, community groups, and so on in the United States, it's very much higher than in most European countries.

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