voting behaviour

voting behaviour

the decision-making processes and the social factors influencing patterns of voting.

Studies of voting behaviour have been of four main types: constituency studies, nationwide studies, cross-national studies, and those focused on particular categories of voters or the political implications of particular class locations. The seminal studies which influenced most later work were by LAZARSFELD et al. (1944) and Berelson et al. (1954) in the USA. These studies established the importance of socioeconomic variables such as socioeconomic status, religion, age, and gender as determinants of voting behaviour. They also made clear the part played by ‘group pressures’ and OPINION LEADERSHIP as influences on voting behaviour. The dominant paradigm which resulted was that most voting behaviour could be accounted for in terms of the PARTY IDENTIFICATION of voters, which for most individual voters was assumed to be relatively stable.

This model also informed the important study of the British electorate by Butler and Stokes (1969). These researchers painted a picture of voting behaviour in Britain in which, as well as being influenced by CLASS, voters tended to ‘inherit’ their party identification from their parents, where this had been 'strong’, was shared by both parents, and was for main parties. With increased volatility of voting behaviour (‘an erosion of partisanship’, LIFESTYLE politics, etc.) this model of voting behaviour is now more limited in its scope (see also CLASS DEALIGNMENT). Since many focused studies of voting behaviour and political attitudes (e.g. McKenzie and Silver, 1968, on WORKING-CLASS CONSERVATISM, and GOLDTHORPE and LOCKWOOD, et al., 1968b, on AFFLUENT WORKERS) assumed the predominance of‘class-based voting’, seeking to explain departures from this, an overall decline in ‘class’ voting also has implications for the interpretation of‘cross-class’ patterns of voting, which are longer exceptional. See also PARTY IMAGE, POLITICAL ATTITUDES, STABLE DEMOCRACY, MIDDLE-CLASS LEFT.

References in periodicals archive ?
Voting behaviour was the dependent variable in this study while independent variable in the study were included Interpersonal Communication, Electronic Media and Print Media and Entertainment Media.
Such a danger can be postulated, as demonstrated in the results of research on elections for the lower house in India ("Does Political Reservation Affect Voting Behaviour? Empirical Evidence from India" by Yuko Mori and Takashi Kurosaki, Economic and Political Weekly 51 (20), 2016).
The problem is that we don't have a significant existing polls data base on voting behaviour of voters in previous elections to infer on future behaviour of different voting segments of the population.
Speakers at a symposium laid stress on in-depth research on electoral politics and voting behaviour of the masses and on producing experts and specialists in the field so that dependence on foreign organizations, political observers and analysts can be minimized.
As a councillor of almost 40 years' standing, I have a fair knowledge of voting behaviour.
Keywords: Clientelism; Social Heterogeneity; Elite Capture; Patronage Employment; Voting Behaviour
Most of the academic studies conducted on the involvement of biradarism in determining the voting behaviour of individuals and groups in Punjab have used the term "biradari" as such.
MAPLEs central goal is to analyse the degree of politicisation the European issue has acquired following the Eurozone crisis, in Belgium, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain in 2000-2016, and to focus on its consequences for voting behaviour. Our main thesis is that a fundamental shift has occurred in the vote function as a result of this politicisation: short-term factors of voting behaviour, such as economic perceptions as well as leader effects may have been structurally diminished in the countries which have seen bailouts and where citizens increasingly perceive the main policy decisions being directed from Brussels.
Without wanting to get embroiled in the pro or anti Europe debate I must take issue with him regarding the voting behaviour both of oldies like me and young people.
This research paper tests one of the most important theories of voting behaviour such as clientelism' in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with reference to 2002 general elections.
Whether people were migrants, and how long they had been in New Zealand also made a difference to their voting behaviour. Recent migrants had low voting rates, while migrants who had been in New Zealand for longer periods had very similar voting behaviour to people born in New Zealand.
Based on unpublished research, the news piece stated that a woman's voting behaviour was affected by whether she was ovulating on election day.