vulva

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vulva

the external genitals of human females, including the labia, mons veneris, clitoris, and the vaginal orifice

vulva

[′vəl·və]
(anatomy)
The external genital organs of women.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patient endorsed symptoms of vulvar and perianal pruritus that had persisted for more than 6 months (FIGURE 2).
In HPV-negative vulvar cancer cases, 33.3% have NOTCH1 mutations and 27.8% carry HRAS mutations, which suggests a role for NOTCH1 and HRAS in progression of HPV-negative precursors to cancers.
During the exam, the physician checks for malignancy or premalignant conditions while evaluating the quality of the vaginal and vulvar tissue.
Over the last several decades, the surgical treatment of vulvar cancer has become more conservative, as tumor margins are more important rather than the actual removal of the organ.1 Van der Zee et al, in a study of 403 patients reported that in early stage vulvar cancer patients with a negative sentinel node had a 3-year survival of 97% with minimal morbidity from sentinel localization procedure..2 The ability to identify bilateral inguinal SLNs appears to be related to proximity to the midline.
"We also observed that TENS itself is essential in reducing vulvar pain and the action of diazepam is useful but not decisive.
All patients underwent standardized evaluation which included focused history and physical examination (including pelvic examination with Q-tip test for vulvodynia), Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index (ICSI) and Interstitial Cystitis Problem Index (ICPI), Pain scoring (Likert) for various pain generators including vulvar pain was noted.
Classically, lesion is not attached to overlying epidermis.7 There are very rare reports for malignant transformation in vulvar hidradenoma papilliferum.
A persistent, itchy, ulcerous lesion may suggest vulvar cancer, but the only way to be certain that cancer is present is to do a vulvar biopsy.
[10] Cervical cancer incidence rates mirror HPV prevalence, and as vulvar cancer has been linked to HPV infection, it follows that the prevalence of vulvar cancer in young women may also be increased in the SA population.