In addition, it reveals the importance given by the population in relation to walkability
, revealing future possibilities to improve it.
The study uses perceived and objective walkability
measures and objective greenness, as well as PA recorded with accelerometers.
Elinor Simons, M.D., Ph.D., from the University of Toronto, and colleagues evaluated associations between home neighborhood walkability
and incident and ongoing childhood asthma using an administrative data cohort of 326,383 Toronto children born between 1997 and 2003 and followed until aged 8 to 15 years.
We used fixed and random effects longitudinal regression models to estimate associations within and between people over time to determine whether changes in neighborhood characteristics (street connectivity, residential density, and land-use mix) were associated with changes in the amount of walking for transport, after accounting for neighborhood walkability
preference and timeinvariant confounders.
Such cities favor high-rise, mixed use, walkability
Quantitative research findings suggest that neighbourhood connectivity, residential density, land use mix, diversity of destinations, and indices of overall walkability
including Walk Score[R] (a publicly available, objectively derived walkability
indicator) are associated with physical activity in longitudinal residential relocation studies [8-10].
Colorado-based ski boot manufacturer, Apex, offers a product unique to the winter sports market; a ski boot that offers comfort, walkability
and high performance.
Jeff Speck's grandly titled General Theory of Walkability
states that a journey on foot should satisfy four main conditions: be useful, safe, comfortable and interesting.
In fact, walkability
alone is currently a key consideration for many home buyers or renters looking for ease of access to amenities.
"If you must cross major highways to get from point A to point B in a city, the walkability
is low; people rely on cars," Scott Delp, a bioengineer who worked on the project, (http://www.bbc.com/news/health-40570442) said .
these numbers with each cities' walkability
score, which is a crude measure of how easily citizens and visitors on foot can reach a variety of destinations such as shops, schools, churches, libraries, and municipal offices.
Christopher Leinberger, co-author of the report, explained his findings in a New York Times article: "There is a five-step 'ladder' of walkability
, from least to most walkable.