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romantic dance in moderate triple time. It evolved from the German Ländler and became popular in the 18th cent. The dance is smooth, graceful, and vital in performance. The waltz in Vicente Martin's opera Una cosa rara, produced in Vienna (1776), is regarded as the first Viennese waltz. This type was later made famous by the two Johann Strausses, father and son. The younger Strauss composed the Blue Danube Waltz, the most popular of the Viennese style. The waltz was introduced in the United States via England in the early 19th cent. Mozart, Chopin, Berlioz, Brahms, Richard Strauss, and Ravel have also composed waltzes.



a dance for couples based on a smooth circling combined with a forward movement.

The waltz is accompanied by music with a 3/4 measure (more rarely 3/8 or 6/8) and a moderately fast tempo. It originated from peasant folk dances of southern Germany, Austria, and Bohemia. In the last quarter of the 18th century, the waltz began to appear in the city. Because of the ease, simplicity, and elegance of its movements, as well as the rich expressive possibilities of the music—passionately elevated, tenderly lyric, or brilliant and elegant—the waltz became the most popular dance of all strata of European society in the 19th century, as well as a very widespread musical genre. The Viennese waltz was particularly famous because of the work of J. Lanner, J. Strauss the Elder, and J. Strauss the Younger. Their waltzes were joined in cycles of miniatures (Walzer-Kette—“chain of waltzes”). An important step in the poetization of the waltz was made by Schubert. Eventually, waltzes began to appear in the form of larger instrumental compositions usually written for piano or symphony orchestra and close to the genre of the romantic poem (C.M. von Weber, Chopin, and Liszt). This symphonization of the waltz was especially characteristic of Russian music (M. I. Glinka, Tchaikovsky, A. K. Glazunov, and S. S. Prokofiev). Waltzes also continued to be composed in the form of lyric miniatures, sometimes arranged in cycles (Schumann, Brahms, and Grieg). The waltz can be the basis of an art song or operatic aria or part of cyclical compositions such as suites and symphonies (Berlioz and Tchaikovsky). It has been widely used in ballets, operettas, incidental music for plays and films, and so forth.



1. a ballroom dance in triple time in which couples spin around as they progress round the room
2. a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance
References in periodicals archive ?
Two people were in the waltzer car when it flew off its moorings and slammed into a post holding up the canopy of the ride.
During the ceremony, Waltzer was recognized for his outstanding and dedicated leadership and performance.
Waltzer, president of Splash Tropical Drinks, has sold frozen beverage mixes to Alimport for several years.
Accent Lamp & Shade, recently emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy, has appointed Harvey Waltzer national sales manager.
Two people were in the waltzer car which slammed into a post holding up the canopy of the ride.
White knuckle rides like No Limit, MACH5, Starflyer and Air will dominate the skyline over the next nine days while old favourites like the waltzer, big wheel, 'The Shaker' and ghost train should also prove popular.
Johanne, now 32, said: "We went on the waltzer and before the ride started he said, 'So are we going to go out?
A group of girls hobbled off the waltzer, giggling fit to burst.
Supporters of Boogie Waltzer had better luck in the 5f fillies' handicap when the Stuart Williams-trained threeyear-old notched her fifth success of the year.
Old favourites including the waltzer, the ghost train and the dodgems also entertained the crowds at the 128th year of the fair.