wapiti


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wapiti

(wŏp`ĭtē), large North American deer, Cervus canadensis, closely related to the Old World red deer. It is commonly called elkelk,
name applied to several large members of the deer family. It most properly designates the largest member of the family, Alces alces, found in the northern regions of Eurasia and North America. In North America this animal is called moose.
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 in America although the name elk is used in Europe to refer to the moosemoose,
largest member of the deer family, genus Alces, found in the northern parts of Eurasia and North America. The Eurasian species, A. alces, is known in Europe as the elk, a name which in North America is applied to another large deer, the wapiti.
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. The wapiti is grayish brown, with a chestnut mane and yellowish rump patch and short tail. It is the largest of the deer family besides the moose; the male stands up to 5 ft (150 cm) at the shoulder and weighs up to 1,000 lb (450 kg). The male has antlers with 5 or more points on each branch and up to a 5-ft (150-cm) spread.

Once abundant throughout temperate North America, the wapiti was slaughtered for food, leather, and sport and for its canine teeth (used as charms). It was completely exterminated in the E United States and reduced in numbers elsewhere, but since the early 1900s small populations have been introduced in the East. Several varieties now exist, mostly under protection in national parks and wildlife refuges. Two of these are the Rocky Mountain elk, found from N Mexico to central Alberta and used in eastern restoration efforts, and the Roosevelt, or Olympic, elk, found in forests of the Pacific coastal belt from British Columbia to N California.

Related to the wapiti is the dwarf, or tule elk, C. nannodes, a small, light-colored deer of E California. The Old World red deer, C. elaphus, is smaller than the wapiti; males stand about 4 ft (120 cm) at the shoulder and have antlers up to 4 ft (120 cm) long. Its coat is reddish brown. It is found in wooded areas throughout the cold and temperate portions of Eurasia and in N Africa. Several other species of the genus Cervus are found in Asia. The sambar, C. unicolor, is a large brown deer of SE Asia.

Members of the genus Cervus and other deer are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae.

wapiti

a large deer, Cervus canadensis, with large much-branched antlers, native to North America and now also common in the South Island of New Zealand
References in periodicals archive ?
The wapiti is a gregarious herd animal, with cows often gathering into the hundreds.
Nutritional ecology of wapiti and carrying capacity of late winter and spring range in the Yukon.
As Roosevelt once said of his beloved wapiti, "In domestication, the bulls are very dangerous to human beings and will kill a man at once if he can get him at a disadvantage, but in a state of nature, they rarely indeed overcome their abject terror of humanity, even when wounded and cornered.
A comparative study of trophic niche of Wapiti and roe deer pre and post the heavy snowfall in eastern Wandashan Mountain.
One of the Peace Wapiti 0MacEwan College and, when she graduates, will be certified by the Alberta Teachers' Association.
The sale to Houston-based Wapiti is expected to be completed next month, Delta Petroleum said.
Los precios son altos, por supuesto: un kilo de carne de ciervo europeo ronda los 550 pesos; la de canguro y cocodrilo, 225, y la de elk o wapiti (una especie de venado endemico de Estados Unidos), 440: --Algunos me piden huevos de caguama, pero siempre les aclaro que su venta esta prohibida, pues se trata de una especie en peligro de extincion --aclara.
Take, for instance, the high country wapiti (elk) with wild blueberry sauce on the menu of the Liliget Feast House, or the pheasant pate with gooseberry compote offered up at the Sweetgrass Aboriginal Bistro.
For pure speed, Ted's Rock, Wapiti, and Red Tail are broad intermediate cruisers.
Located 150 kilometres northeast of Prince George, Wapiti Lake sits in a cirque of peaks whose steep slopes contain some of the world's best examples of early Triassic fish life--250 to 210 million years old.
Ce sont des producteurs agricoles qui exploitent des creneaux particuliers tels que celui de la vente de la viande de wapiti.
He served on the Wapiti Regional Library Board and the John M.