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(wŏp`ĭtē), large North American deer, Cervus canadensis, closely related to the Old World red deer. It is commonly called elkelk,
name applied to several large members of the deer family. It most properly designates the largest member of the family, Alces alces, found in the northern regions of Eurasia and North America. In North America this animal is called moose.
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 in America although the name elk is used in Europe to refer to the moosemoose,
largest member of the deer family, genus Alces, found in the northern parts of Eurasia and North America. The Eurasian species, A. alces, is known in Europe as the elk, a name which in North America is applied to another large deer, the wapiti.
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. The wapiti is grayish brown, with a chestnut mane and yellowish rump patch and short tail. It is the largest of the deer family besides the moose; the male stands up to 5 ft (150 cm) at the shoulder and weighs up to 1,000 lb (450 kg). The male has antlers with 5 or more points on each branch and up to a 5-ft (150-cm) spread.

Once abundant throughout temperate North America, the wapiti was slaughtered for food, leather, and sport and for its canine teeth (used as charms). It was completely exterminated in the E United States and reduced in numbers elsewhere, but since the early 1900s small populations have been introduced in the East. Several varieties now exist, mostly under protection in national parks and wildlife refuges. Two of these are the Rocky Mountain elk, found from N Mexico to central Alberta and used in eastern restoration efforts, and the larger Roosevelt, or Olympic, elk, found in forests of the Pacific coastal belt from British Columbia to N California. The dwarf, or tule elk, is a small, light-colored deer of E California.

The Old World red deer, C. elaphus, is smaller than the wapiti; males stand about 4 ft (120 cm) at the shoulder and have antlers up to 4 ft (120 cm) long. Its coat is reddish brown. It is found in wooded areas throughout the cold and temperate portions of Eurasia and in N Africa. Several other species of the genus Cervus are found in Asia. The sambar, C. unicolor, is a large brown deer of SE Asia.

Members of the genus Cervus and other deer are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae.

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a large deer, Cervus canadensis, with large much-branched antlers, native to North America and now also common in the South Island of New Zealand
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Estimated sales volumes at Wapiti in July averaged approximately 6,300 Boe/d, including approximately 10.5 MMcf/d of natural gas and 4,500 Bbl/d of liquids, as production from the 9-3 pad increased due to higher runtime at the Wapiti Plant.
B) Western blot analysis of [PrP.sup.res] from moose isolates from Norway (lanes 6-7) compared with [PrP.sup.res] from chronic wasting disease-affected elk or wapiti (lanes 1-3), white-tailed deer (lane 4), and moose (lane 5) from Canada.
Wherever found together, red deer and wapiti interbreed freely and produce fertile offspring, but now that it's more accepted that red deer and wapiti are not the same species, it's increasingly common to refer to the eastern Asian races as "wapiti" and the western Asian (and European races) as "red deer." But in Central Asia it's a lot more difficult.
The Wapiti River, Elk River, or Riviere la Biche, which may be considered as bounding the Grande Prairie Country to the south, joins the Smoky River.
In that study a single aberrant levamisole residue exceeding the MRL was reported in fat from nine rising one-year-old wapiti hybrid deer.
After scanning a sample of 140 websites using Arachni 0.4.3 and Wapiti 2.3.0 [23], we found that both scanners indicated that at least 21% of the assessed websites had high-severity security vulnerabilities.
The Company is also preparing to extract a bulk sample for customer trials and sales at Wapiti as well as arranging the necessary permits to enable drilling at the Dry Ridge Project in Idaho in 2015.
Also, there is a wide range of open-source scanners such as vega, w3af, wapiti, Nikto and BurpSuite.
In the case of the North American Elk, or wapiti, more and more people in areas outside of the traditional Rocky Mountain Elk range are getting the chance to not only hear the mating calls of the dominant bulls, but to also take part in viewing or, in some cases, hunting elk in their home states.
It comes from the chest and throat of a huge, solitary bull elk--also known by their Shawnee name, wapiti. For nearly two centuries, the valley and much of the surrounding Appalachians were silent, devoid of the signature notes of the bull elk's cry.