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in zoology, organ found in bees, many wasps, some ants, and in scorpions and sting rays, used defensively as well as to kill or paralyze prey. In the bee and the wasp the venomvenom
or zootoxin,
any of a variety of poisonous substances produced by animals. In poisonous snakes, venom is secreted in two poison glands, one on each side of the upper jaw, and enters the fang by a duct.
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 is produced by glands associated with the ovipositor (egg-laying organ) of the female. As symptoms differ, it is assumed that the venom of each species of insect probably has slightly different chemical properties. The bee's "acid gland" produces histamine and proteinlike substances that are extremely dangerous to persons with specific allergies to them. Adrenaline injections may be lifesaving in such cases. In the honeybee the sting is a minute needle with tiny serrated edges, the teeth of which point backward. This makes it hard for the insect to pull the organ loose and often results in the fatal loss of the sting, the poison gland, and part of the intestine. Hornets, yellow jackets, and other wasps have sharp, smooth stings that can be used repeatedly. A few ants produce formic acid as a venom. The scorpion kills its prey with poison injected by a curved spine at the tip of its tail; the wound is painful to human adults and may be fatal to children. Strictly speaking, spiders bite rather than sting, since they inject their venom by means of fanglike cheliceras. Coelenterates, e.g., the hydra, jellyfish, and certain corals, are equipped with stinging capsules (nematocysts) consisting of a trigger mechanism that, when stimulated, raises the hydrostatic pressure of the cell so that hollow venom-bearing threads are ejected with enough force to pierce the prey. The larger coelenterates, e.g., the Portuguese man-of-war and Cyanea, are dangerous to man. The stingrays, or stingarees, have long whiplike tails bearing one to three sharply toothed, bony, poisonous stingers capable of inflicting painful wounds.


1. a skin wound caused by the poison injected by certain insects or plants
2. pain caused by or as if by the sting of a plant or animal
3. a sharp pointed organ, such as the ovipositor of a wasp, by which poison can be injected into the prey
4. Slang a trap set up by the police to entice a person to commit a crime and thereby produce evidence


A parallel dialect of Scheme intended to serve as a high-level operating system for symbolic programming languages. First-class threads and processors and customisable scheduling policies.

E-mail: <>.

["A Customizable Substrate for Concurrent Languages", S. Jagannathan et al, ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 1992].
References in periodicals archive ?
A 74-year-old woman visited the emergency department in our institute after multiple wasp stings. She complained of dizziness and whole body pain.
The majority of respondents also reported success in the treatment of wasp stings (93.8%, n=15) and white tail spider bites (94.1%, n=16).
(All this was free) What would that mere wasp sting have cost in America?
The oddest cure for a wasp sting I have heard of is goose droppings (although I find a torrent of invectives much more effective), which could prove handy if you live in our neck of the woods, as thousands of pink feet are streaming in now.
Owen, whose career included The Birmingham Post and who for the last seven years has been the main presenter on BBC Midlands Today, vividly recalls how the wasp sting left him with 'damaged goods' in 'the region of a man's most treasured possession'.
THE grieving wife of a man killed by a wasp sting said yesterday that he would still be alive if he had sought medical advice after an earlier sting.
BUILDER Nick Greenwood was nearly killed after mistaking a deadly spider's bite for a wasp sting.
Walker had to cover her left eye after a wasp sting but what a sight she saw with her good eye when Laura Davies and Trish Johnson inspired the Eurocrats to a 6-2 victory in yesterday's foursomes andfourballs .
Hospitals have been treating five to 10 wasp sting cases a day and public health officials are investigating swarms of insects which have driven people off Glamorgan beaches.
Q IS there any way to cure a serious wasp sting allergy?
suffering a reaction to a wasp sting, South African golfer Trevor Immelman lies in joint fourth place at the Madrid Open.
The South African World Cup-winning golfer was taken by ambulance to the emergency room of a hospital after suffering an allergic reaction to a wasp sting.