Wastepaper processors collect various types of used paper products such as newspapers, business and computer paper, and corrugated boxes.
About one-third of the approximately 600 paper and pulp mills in the United States use processed wastepaper products as their primary feedstock.
During the 1977-87 period, corrugated scrap annually accounted for between two-fifths and one-half of total wastepaper output; newspaper and mixed grade waste each accounted for about one-sixth; and high grade de-inked and pulp substitutes, such as brown paper bags and computer and ledger paper, for one-fifth.
Because there is some substitution between woodpulp and wastepaper, yearly demand for wastepaper does not always exactly match the output of paper products.
Exports also affect the demand for, and output of, processed wastepaper. Many countries rely heavily on imported wastepaper as a basic feedstock for paper manufacturing because they dc) not have large domestic supplies of woodpulp or the prices of U.S.
Like scrap processing, wastepaper processing is highly regional, mainly because of transportation costs.
Weather also is important in wastepaper processing.
Industry structure The scrap and waste materials industry consists of three types of establishments-scrap dealers, whose primary function is to collect and sort scrap metal for distribution to processors; scrap processors, who use power equipment to process scrap into marketable forms; and waste and secondary materials dealers and processors, who primarily collect and bundle various types of wastepaper. Between 1977 and 1987, the number of scrap dealer establishments increased from 1,741 to 1,864; scrap processors, from 2,065 to 3,893; and waste and secondary materials dealers and processors, from 3,655 to 4,007.
Unlike scrap processors, the configuration of wastepaper establishments remained fairly constant during the 1977-87 period.
Although wastepaper processors employ fewer types of processing and material movement equipment than do scrap processors, advances in automation and material movement techniques were made during the 1977-87 period.
The largest factor likely to affect wastepaper processing in the future is the growth of municipal recycling efforts.