wattle


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acacia

acacia (əkāˈshə), any plant of the large leguminous genus Acacia, often thorny shrubs and trees of the family Leguminosae (pulse family). Chiefly of the tropics and subtropics, they are cultivated for decorative and economic purposes. Acacias are characteristic of savanna vegetation and are especially numerous in the South African bushveld. The foliage often appears feathery because of the many small leaflets, but in some species leaflike flattened stems contain chlorophyll and take the place of leaves. Various Old World species (especially A. arabica and A. senegal ) yield gum arabic; other species, chiefly A. catechu, yield the dye catechu. Blackwood (A. melanoxylon) is valued in Australia for its hardwood timber. Other members of the genus are valuable for lac, for perfume and essential oils, and for tannins; some are used as ornamentals. The Australian acacias are commonly called wattles—their pliable branches were woven into the structure of the early wattle houses and fences—and Wattle Day celebrates the national flower at blossoming time. Many wattles are cultivated elsewhere, particularly in California, as ornamentals for their characteristic spherical, dense flowers. The Central American bullhorn acacias (e.g., A. sphaerocephala) have large hollow thorns inhabited by ants that are said to feed upon a sweet secretion of the plant and in turn guard it against leaf-eating insects. The most common acacia indigenous to the United States is the cat's-claw (A. gregii) of the arid Southwest. The biblical shittim wood is thought to have come from an acacia. Various species of locust are sometimes called acacia, and acacias may be called mimosa; all are of the same family. Acacia is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
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wattle

A framework of interwoven rods, poles, or branches.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

wattle

1. a loose fold of skin, often brightly coloured, hanging from the neck or throat of certain birds, lizards, etc.
2. any of various chiefly Australian acacia trees having spikes of small brightly coloured flowers and flexible branches, which were used by early settlers for making fences
3. a southern African caesalpinaceous tree, Peltophorum africanum, with yellow flowers
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
According to World Agro-forestry Centre, harvesting a 10-year-old wattle tree removes a lot of nutrients from the soil, therefore, it is advisable to apply NPK fertiliser before planting.
Temperature (AdegC) of the comb, wattle, back, wings, head, and feet of layer hens fed different levels of glycerin in Sobral - CE, Brazil.
It was a eureka moment: A wattle fence is made of sticks driven into the ground and interwoven with twigs and branches.
The purpose of the experiment reported here was designed to measure the asymmetry of wattle characteristics and related growth and reproductive traits in lines of chickens selected for high and low antibodies to SRBC and in sublines where selection was relaxed.
When a stag is feeling amorous, his wattle and snood become bright red.
ELEGANT Queen wears her wattle brooch in Oz in 2011
Police have closed Sofala Road between Wattle Flat highway and Peel Road south of Wattle Flat.
Gearbox has revealed the name of the second pack in the Headhunter Pack downloadable contents (DLC) - 'The Horrible Hunger of the Ravenous Wattle Gobbler.' It will be released in November.
A celebration of wattle; Australia's national emblem.
Featuring a wealth of full-color photography throughout, A Celebration of Wattle: Australia's National Floral Emblem is a revised and greatly expanded edition of the 1991 publication "Wattle", an in-depth scrutiny of Australia's beloved flowering plant, from its natural history and propagation to its cherished role in Australian culture.
Wattle and daub panels inside The Lombards are testament to the property's great age, dating back as far as the 16th century.
** BELL, John (text) Ben Wood (illus.) The Wattle Tree Lothian, 2012 unpaged $28.99 ISBN 9780734412911 SCIS 1570312