bee moth

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Related to wax moth: Waxworm, Greater wax moth

bee moth,

 

greater wax moth,

or

honeycomb moth,

common name for an insect pest of honeycombs. Bee moths do damage during their larval stages, injuring combs and honey. The moth Galleria mellonella belongs to the subfamily Galleriinae of the family Pyralidae, in which the females characteristically lay their eggs in beehives. The adult moths have brownish front wings with wing-spans of about 1 in. (2.5 cm). Eggs are laid in masses in the crevices of the hive. The newly hatched larvae tunnel into the combs, leaving a complex of silken galleries behind; they also puncture the wax caps of honey cells causing honey leakage and making the punctured comb honey unmarketable. Normally, the moths attack only abandoned beehives, or active ones in which the bee colony has been weakened, e.g., as a result of disease or starvation. Another well-known but smaller member of the subfamily is the lesser wax moth, Achroia grisella, which has the same type of scavenging habits as the greater wax moth. Bee moths are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Lepidoptera, family Pyralidae, subfamily Galleriidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Papachristoforou described how the unexpected properties of 2-heptanone were discovered: "We were investigating wax moth control.
However, on closer inspection, we realised that the wax moths were merely anaesthetised for a period of one to nine minutes.
Wax moth larvae had long been the nematode host of choice among insectaries and biopesticide companies, but the cadavers proved unsuitable for taping.
In outdoor taste tests with 16 European robins, birds overall preferred uninfected wax moth caterpillars to ones that had been infected for at least three days.
This enables the honeybee to eject the enemy from the hive and is a particularly effective defence against pests, such as wax moth larvae and varroa mites, which are too small to sting," the report said.
Small Hive Beetles (SHB) A relatively newly introduced pest from South Africa, these are like wax moths on steroids.
Wax moths usually appear in weak or sick colonies, but do not directly contribute to bee deaths.
If it is so weak that wax moths have taken the hive over, it is almost impossible to save.
At the moment they have multiple factors to contend with including Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD),Varroa and Acarive mites, Nosema fungus, Hive beetle (from the USA in 1998), wax moths and 10 different types of viruses, all of which affect the life span and cycle of the bee.
In the lab, the researchers offered seven scrub jays the irresistible larvae of wax moths.
In addition to the two types of parasitic mites mentioned, mice guards (wire) at entrances are necessary, several barriers to ants are needed and a watchful eye for wax moths are all required.