web browser


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to web browser: search engine

Web browser

[′web ‚brau̇z·ər]
(computer science)

web browser

(World-Wide Web)

Web browser

The application program that serves as the primary method for accessing the World Wide Web, one of the major services on the Internet. In order to view a website, its address (URL), such as www.computerlanguage.com, is typed into the search box at the top of the browser, and the site's home page is retrieved. The home page includes an index to other pages on the site as well as to pages on other sites, and those pages are retrieved by clicking "links" (see hypertext).

All browsers include bookmarks (Favorites) that store the addresses (URLs) of frequently used pages. Tabs are another useful feature that keep multiple Web pages open for quick access (see tabbed browsing).

Browsers Are Similar
The most popular Web browsers in order of 2018 market share are Chrome, Internet Explorer (IE), Firefox, Edge, Safari and Opera. All Web browsers are free, and most have versions for Windows and Mac. Some browsers are also available for Linux.

All browsers offer similar features. The way users interact with a Web page has more to do with the page than the browser. Web pages contain embedded programs that turn them into applications not much different than the software users install in their own computers. See mobile Web browser.

Web Browser History
The Mosaic browser put the Web on the map in 1993, but by the mid-1990s, Netscape Navigator had 80% of the market. Vying for top spot, Netscape and Internet Explorer (IE) constantly added features that fragmented websites into competing camps. In the early days, one often found sites with notices such as "Best Viewed in Netscape" or "Best Viewed in Internet Explorer." IE eventually trumped Netscape, but over the years lost market share to competing browsers. See World Wide Web, Mosaic, Internet Explorer, Edge browser, Opera, Firefox, Mozilla, Safari, Chrome browser, hyperlink, HTML and microbrowser.


Not Much of a Difference
At first glance, Internet Explorer for Windows (top) and Firefox on the Mac (bottom) look identical. Although the placement of menus and icons differ, all browsers provide similar functions. When one browser adds a unique feature, the others follow in time. Users interact with the Web page and its embedded JavaScript code, which is the same no matter which browser or computer environment is used. See platform.



Not Much of a Difference
At first glance, Internet Explorer for Windows (top) and Firefox on the Mac (bottom) look identical. Although the placement of menus and icons differ, all browsers provide similar functions. When one browser adds a unique feature, the others follow in time. Users interact with the Web page and its embedded JavaScript code, which is the same no matter which browser or computer environment is used. See platform.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mozilla continues to stay competitive with the Quantum versions of its Firefox web browser. The first version of Firefox Quantum was released in November and is touted as being (https://blog.mozilla.org/blog/2017/11/14/introducing-firefox-quantum/) "over twice as fast" as the older version of the browser.
To streamline the process of implementing web browser security policies we created a prototype version of a user-friendly, multi-web-browser, and multi-platform toolset named Open Browser GP.
After 20 years of competing against rival web browsers, Microsoft is gearing up to launch its own alternative to its once-dominant Internet surfing program.
In Figure 1, the web browser displays a web document, 'a.html" to the web user.
Google Inc will pay $17 million to settle allegations by 37 states and the District of Colombia that it secretly tracked Web users by placing special digital files on the Web browsers of their smartphones.
RockMelt has as its financial backer Web browser Marc Andreessen, who has established himself as one of Silicon Valley's top venture capitalists since first making his mark as a co-founder of Netscape Communications, the report added.
PocketLintreports that "one of its trusted sources" said Facebook is interested in buying Opera Software, the company behind the Opera web browser.
"People care about the site, and not about the web browser. They just want to have the best experience," he said.
The most important thing to realise about Web browser client software, he says, is that it is designed to access a variety of Web sites, typically using Port 80 for regular HTTP access, and Port 443 for HTTPS access.
The company said that more than 70 websites and global brands have created experiences to show off the capabilities of the new web browser. The new browser, according to the company, delivers a fast, clean and secure online experience that takes full advantage of its Windows 7 operating system.
Spooked by the use of an Internet Explorer exploit to attack Google and other firms in China, France and Germany are both urging their citizens to stop using Microsoft's Web browser. <p>This argument is sure to meet friction from Microsoft as it already has from others, including my colleague Tony Bradley.
20 November 2009 - Norwegian web browser technology developer Opera Software ASA (OSL: OPERA) said today it has renewed two agreements with US group Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) to integrate Google as default search engine in Opera browsers.