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a language of Wales, belonging to the S Celtic branch of the Indo-European family. Welsh shows considerable diversity between dialects


a white long-bodied lop-eared breed of pig, kept chiefly for bacon
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a people living on the peninsula of Wales of Great Britain. The Welsh population is about 900,000, according to the 1970 estimate. Their native language is Welsh. Almost all Welsh people speak English. A significant number of believers belong to the Anglican Church; the other believers belong to nonconformist sects, mainly the Methodist Church.

The ancestors of the Welsh people were the Celtic tribes, the Cymru and Britons, which were driven into the hills of Wales by the Anglo-Saxons in the seventh century. Over the course of several centuries the Welsh steadily resisted their conquerors and were finally subdued only in the late 13th century. In southern Wales the people work mainly in industry (principally in the coal mines). In northern Wales the main occupation is agriculture (cattle raising). In the northern area, the Welsh language has been preserved to a certain degree, as well as indigenous features of material and spiritual culture.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)




Cymraeg, the language of the Welsh, who inhabit the peninsula of Wales, Great Britain. There are approximately 900,000 Welsh (1970 estimate). Most are bilingual. Welsh, together with Cornish and Breton, belongs to the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages. All of these languages trace back to Common British and separated in the fifth and sixth centuries. Welsh is divided historically into Old (eighth to 11th centuries), Middle (12th to 14th centuries), and Modern (since the 15th century) Welsh. The Modern Welsh language has four dialects: Venodotian (northwestern), Powysian (northeastern, central), Demetian (southwestern), and Gwentian (southeastern). The Welsh literary language developed from the southern and central dialects. Characteristic features of Welsh include, mor-phophonologically, a well-developed system of initial consonant sound shifts and vowel alternations and a fairly simple noun system. The verb system is highly developed; a tendency to replace old synthetic forms with new analytic constructions is observed in Modern Welsh. There are many lexical borrowings from Latin. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Welsh began to acquire official status in Wales. (Books and periodicals are published, and Welsh is taught at the university level.)


Morris-Jones, J.An Elementary Welsh Grammar. Oxford, 1953.
Collins-Spurrell Welsh Dictionary. Reedited by H. Lewis. London, 1960.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Quite apart from everything else in Matt Welch's article with which one might take issue, it is simply a lie that Commentary was ever subsidized by or took a penny from the Congress for Cultural Freedom.
Welch initially fought back by spreading the word that his wife was having an affair with her chauffeur and bodyguard.
After retirement from the stage, she directed the Australian Ballet from 1983-1996, where she worked with Welch, and the Royal Danish Ballet from 1997-1999.
Welch knows that gay audiences have sometimes tuned out ballet because of its overwhelming messages of heterosexuality.
Small operators like Welch rely on a licence that limits their logging to one management unit--something that bigger licensees like Tembec and Domtar need not worry about.
NASA came to Welch for PE bags that astronauts could urinate into.
Today the name of the original facility has been changed to John Scott House Rehabilitation and Nursing Center, and it's part of Welch Healthcare and Retirement Group.
Welch's gendered characterization of the former (as masculine) is hard to reconcile with the Milanese masters' constant struggle to maintain their vision of the low, spreading cathedral alluding, as indicated by the fabbrica's emblem (illustrated but not discussed by Welch), to the mantle of the Madonna of Mercy.
We weren't surprised so many of you judged Welch on GE's financial performance, but we were impressed with the number of respondents who voted for Welch because of his.
Welch in August 1965 may be surprising to those old enough to remember the JBS's subsequent cooperation with the great patriotic actor--and Vietnam War supporter--John Wayne.
Welch's choreography unfolded naturally on the flow of the romantic music.