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a language of Wales, belonging to the S Celtic branch of the Indo-European family. Welsh shows considerable diversity between dialects


a white long-bodied lop-eared breed of pig, kept chiefly for bacon
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a people living on the peninsula of Wales of Great Britain. The Welsh population is about 900,000, according to the 1970 estimate. Their native language is Welsh. Almost all Welsh people speak English. A significant number of believers belong to the Anglican Church; the other believers belong to nonconformist sects, mainly the Methodist Church.

The ancestors of the Welsh people were the Celtic tribes, the Cymru and Britons, which were driven into the hills of Wales by the Anglo-Saxons in the seventh century. Over the course of several centuries the Welsh steadily resisted their conquerors and were finally subdued only in the late 13th century. In southern Wales the people work mainly in industry (principally in the coal mines). In northern Wales the main occupation is agriculture (cattle raising). In the northern area, the Welsh language has been preserved to a certain degree, as well as indigenous features of material and spiritual culture.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)




Cymraeg, the language of the Welsh, who inhabit the peninsula of Wales, Great Britain. There are approximately 900,000 Welsh (1970 estimate). Most are bilingual. Welsh, together with Cornish and Breton, belongs to the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages. All of these languages trace back to Common British and separated in the fifth and sixth centuries. Welsh is divided historically into Old (eighth to 11th centuries), Middle (12th to 14th centuries), and Modern (since the 15th century) Welsh. The Modern Welsh language has four dialects: Venodotian (northwestern), Powysian (northeastern, central), Demetian (southwestern), and Gwentian (southeastern). The Welsh literary language developed from the southern and central dialects. Characteristic features of Welsh include, mor-phophonologically, a well-developed system of initial consonant sound shifts and vowel alternations and a fairly simple noun system. The verb system is highly developed; a tendency to replace old synthetic forms with new analytic constructions is observed in Modern Welsh. There are many lexical borrowings from Latin. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Welsh began to acquire official status in Wales. (Books and periodicals are published, and Welsh is taught at the university level.)


Morris-Jones, J.An Elementary Welsh Grammar. Oxford, 1953.
Collins-Spurrell Welsh Dictionary. Reedited by H. Lewis. London, 1960.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Hopefully, this will be like a secret decoder ring." Welsher said.
(117) Stories of dogfights-turned-people-fights abound, often revolving around bet welshers or sore losers.
To give you an idea of the kind of character likely to be a welsher, two of the most famous were Arnold Rothstein and OJ Simpson.
"Our business is public refrigerated warehouses, and temperature is key," Welsher said.
Buyers and sellers alike may be crafty, and more than one seller has been known to be a welsher."(167)
Also Dell Hymes, in his ethnopoetic play with alliteration - "wayfarer, wangler, welsher, wastrel, wallower .
First of all her mum was from Maesteg, which makes her Welsher than a traffic jam on the A470 in our book.
Last week aged crooner Tony Bennett couldn't have looked anymore confused by his chat with Alex 'I'm actually getting Welsher you know' Jones and Matt 'I'm from the North East and live on a farm' Baker if he'd woken up at four in the morning to find them both perched at the foot of his bed.
A big salute to Circulation's David Welsher who worked his magic again this year and to Larry Mahan for keeping our spirits up.
Mohan, Holly Polish, Hillary Rothberg, Jennifer Segal, Andrew Simpson, Philip Stern, Hillary Turnipseed, Emily Welsher, Kim Welch, Elyse V.
It's a terrific performance from Davies - full of warmth and pathos - and a role which cemented him in my affections as Welsher than carpeting your house with turf from Stradey Park whilst wearing a miner's helmet, eating cawl and shouting "over by there" apropos of nothing everything 30 seconds.
A brace from Dane Welsher secured a 3-1 victory for Moorland Starts over Cardiff Police.