whale oil


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whale oil,

oil extracted from the blubber and other parts of certain species of whales. It varies in composition, color, and the degree of fishy odor according to the method and extent of refining. Formerly widely used as an illuminant, it was superseded by petroleum products. It is used today in soapmaking, as a leather dressing, and as a lubricant. Some is hydrogenated to form edible fats. The term is also sometimes used to include sperm oilsperm oil,
liquid wax obtained from the sperm whale, or cachalot, and related marine mammals. It flows readily, is clear, and varies in color from pale yellow to brownish yellow. Chemically it is not a true oil.
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whale oil

[′wāl ‚ȯil]
(materials)
A combustible, nontoxic, yellow-brown fixed oil obtained from whale blubber; soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform, carbon disulfide, and benzene; used as a lubricant, illuminant, and leather dressing, and in soapmaking and fat manufacture. Also known as blubber oil.
References in periodicals archive ?
HP-TLC = high performance thin-layer chromatography; CWO = cold-pressed whale oil; CLO = cod liver oil; EtOAc = ethyl acetate; BuOH = butyl alcohol.
With a whale oil lamp lit She/I watch Aapaga/grandfather
Jojoba oil's composition of extremely long (C36-C46) straight-chain wax ester makes it and its derivatives more similar to human sebum and whale oil than to traditional vegetable oils.
The action takes place in the Pandyssian continent, a steampunk world that's powered by whale oil and styled to resemble a moving painting by Viktor Antonov, designer of Half-Life 2's iconic City 17 setting.
PETROL AS ALTERNATE OF WHALE OIL: In the beginning of 19th century, whale oil was used for lubricants and in lamps as fuel.
The advent of gas lighting meant there was no demand for whale oil and the last whaling ship left the port in 1869 - never to return.
In their letter to Comrade Stalin, the crew of the fleet committed themselves to exceeding the target plan for whale oil by 30 thousand poods (14)."
His research paper "On the Quantitative and Qualitative Determination of Forces" led to a better understanding of the energetics of the burning of oil, including whale oil. There seems to be something about long sailing trips in the mid 1800s that was propaedeutic to great intellectual productivity.
Originally built in 1810, it had a wooden tower using a spider lamp that burned whale oil. A hurricane destroyed the tower in 1815, and a year later rough granite blocks faced with Connecticut freestone gave birth to a 35-foot octagonal one.
It is now hard to imagine a world without petroleum and all its products, but commercially, crude oil is less than 150 years old--the Industrial Revolution was lubricated largely by whale oil. At different points in history we have exploited many natural resources to meet our needs, picking them up or abandoning them as we choose.
Hence, there is information regarding the economic costs of lighting by candle light, the cost ratio of lighting by whale oil as the supply of whales was reduced almost to the point of extinction and the social implications involved as the apprehensive term "night" was replaced by a new word, "nightlife."