whist


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Related to whist: card games

whist,

card game for four players, those on opposite sides of the table being partners. The full pack of 52 cards is dealt. The dealer's last card is turned up to indicate trump, and after he draws this card in hand, the player on the left of the dealer leads. Cards rank from ace down through two, and the highest card of the suit or the highest trump wins the trick. Partners collect their tricks in one pile. Six tricks make a book, and each trick over the book in one game counts one point. The partners who first score seven points win. Famous variations include duplicate whist, bid whist, solo whist, and Norwegian whist. Whist originated in England, where it was a development of earlier games (e.g., triumph) that were known in the 16th cent. In 1742, Edmond HoyleHoyle, Edmond
, 1672–1769, English writer on games, b. London. He codified the rules of whist in his book A Short Treatise on the Game of Whist (1742) and in successive editions of the book he added new material on whist together with treatises on quadrille, piquet,
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 published A Short Treatise on the Game of Whist, but it was Henry Jones (pseud. CavendishCavendish
, pseud. of Henry Jones,
1831–99, English card game expert. Jones studied medicine, practiced in London, and retired in 1868. He became a leading authority on card games and was the first person to formulate a system of playing whist.
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) who first compiled (1862) a complete system of scientific whist play. The game spread to other European countries in the 19th cent., and tournaments were organized. Whist gave rise in the late 19th cent. to the game of bridgebridge,
card game derived from whist, played with 52 cards by four players in two partnerships. Basic Rules

The cards in contract bridge rank from ace down to two; in bidding, suits rank spades, hearts, diamonds, and clubs.
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, which quickly surpassed the parent game in popularity.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

whist

a card game for four in which the two sides try to win the balance of the 13 tricks: forerunner of bridge
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
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The new Whist Glass is a highly functional sink that would fit into any budget and appeals to our regional customers," he said.
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Few of them wrote memoirs, and their correspondence was limited, so Cardoza must infer much about their attitudes and values by judiciously squeezing data on their wealth, their endogamy, their use of primogeniture to preserve landed estates, and their exclusivity in the Societa del Whist. In thirty-some tables he presents data on their fortunes, compares new and old nobles, shows their dominance in selected schools and the military, and so forth.
Whenever I have a social affair at the house, there is always a contingent of people who say, `Let's play whist,'" says Roland MacFarland, vice president of standards for the Fox Television Network.
Bridge evolved from whist, a game which appears to have begun in 17th century England.
As I looked at whist happened there, I could see myself in those who committed the crime (given the circumstances I could have done the same), but I could also see myself in those who risked their lives and reputations to speak out for the truth.
A game of whist beat all the odds when each player was dealt a complete suit of 13 cards.
Cancer whist All are welcome to the 52nd annual whist drive in aid of Cancer Research (Dr Railton Scott Memorial Appeal) which will be held in the village hall on Friday, February 2 at 7pm.
THE second of the annual St Asaph Christmas Whist Drive's will be held in the Talardy Hotel, St Asaph, on Monday, December 18, starting at 7.30pm.