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exposure of fraud and abuse by an employee. The federal law that legitimated the concept of the whistle-blower, the False Claims Act (1863, revised 1986), was created to combat fraud by suppliers to the federal government during the Civil War. Under the act, whistle-blowers can receive a percentage of the money recovered or damages won by the government in fraud cases they expose. The act also protects whistle-blowers from wrongful dismissal, allowing for reinstatement with seniority, double back pay, interest on back pay, compensation for discriminatory treatment, and reasonable legal fees. Federal legislation in 1978 barred reprisals against those who exposed government corruption. Harassment and dismissal of and the revelation of widespread waste and fraud in defense contracting led Congress to strengthen the position of whistle-blowers in 1989. Many states also have employment laws that deal with discriminatory treatment of whistle-blowers.
References in periodicals archive ?
A careful study of the textbook at Page 6, Paragraph 3 would convince any reader that when the Federal Government announced and advertised the whistle-blower policy, it made an offer to the whole world in contemplation of a unilateral contract.
It argues that closer attention is needed to the way in which whistle-blowers can become the focus and victim of raising concerns and speaking up.
When Ms O'Sullivan was appointed, we were promised things would change for whistle-blowers.
Such regulations shall guarantee the freedom, security and well-being of whistle-blowers and protect them from being prosecuted criminally, civilly or administratively.
He stressed that establishing a whistle-blowing system entails a strong commitment from the company board and its executives to ensure confidentiality of information relayed by the whistle-blowers, thus protecting their anonymity.
The whistle-blower said the find "proves that I am right".
The same panel, which reported the outcome of the inquiry in July 2013, dismissed other allegations made by the whistle-blower of bullying by two other members of school staff, one of which is the headteacher, the Rev Dr Philip Manghan.
83% of whistle-blowers raise their concerns at least twice, usually internally
The federal government, which the whistle-blower originally included as a plaintiff in the lawsuit, investigated the case, but declined to pursue it.
He said SEC investigations take two to four years to complete, and with the program's launch in August 2011, the next several months would see ripening results from whistle-blower actions started earlier.
Olivieri, a physician and former haematologist at the Toronto Hospital for Sick Children, is a whistle-blower in her own right.
A whistle-blower is a person who tells the public or someone in authority about alleged dishonest or illegal activities (misconduct) occurring in a government department, a public or private organization, or a company.