whistle-blowing

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whistle-blowing,

exposure of fraud and abuse by an employee. The federal law that legitimated the concept of the whistle-blower, the False Claims Act (1863, revised 1986), was created to combat fraud by suppliers to the federal government during the Civil War. Under the act, whistle-blowers can receive a percentage of the money recovered or damages won by the government in fraud cases they expose. The act also protects whistle-blowers from wrongful dismissal, allowing for reinstatement with seniority, double back pay, interest on back pay, compensation for discriminatory treatment, and reasonable legal fees. Federal legislation in 1978 barred reprisals against those who exposed government corruption. Harassment and dismissal of and the revelation of widespread waste and fraud in defense contracting led Congress to strengthen the position of whistle-blowers in 1989. Many states also have employment laws that deal with discriminatory treatment of whistle-blowers.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The High Court ruling is clear writing on the wall that fiction writers cannot disguise themselves as whistle-blowers and get away with it.
What does the whistle-blower protection mean for businesses?
The Report to the Nations states "telephone hotlines are most popular, but whistle-blowers use other various reporting mechanisms as well, including email, web-based/online forms, mailed letters and faxes."
The aforementioned Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe of 2014 does not encourage anonymous reports, since this type of whistle-blowing is accompanied with many negative consequences (higher likelihood of malicious reports, difficulty in proving that the person toward whom damaging action was taken was in fact the anonymous whistle-blower, etc.).
As commonsensical as this may sound to the average Nigerian, the attempt at a justification of the delay in payment of the whistle-blower's due is fatally diametrical to the basic principles he continues to espouse to intending lawyers (law students) through his published work, Nigerian Law of Contract, a Faculty recommended textbook for Law of Contract in all Faculties of Law in all Nigerian Universities.
When whistle-blowers become the story: the problem of the 'third victim': Comment on "Cultures of silence and cultures of voice: the role of whistleblowing in healthcare organisations." Int J Health Policy Manag.
She is using all the right words when it comes to the way whistle-blowers are treated.
In respect of the employee who is the subject of the whistle-blower's allegations (" Suspect ") he will be entitled to his statutory employment protections which includes the right to certain minimal due process in respect of a disciplinary/termination decision.
In the case of the Philippines, Numann understands that the concept of a whistle-blowing system is hard to adopt among local firms given the culture and high level of fear on a potential whistle-blower's part.
HMRC has said it has no record of receiving an email or phone call from the whistle-blower in 2008.
Normally, an employee must raise their concern internally to be protected as a whistle-blower - this gives an employer the opportunity to identify if there is any substance to the complaint and, if so, try and reduce any related risk by taking remedial action, which may avoid or limit any bad publicity.
A previous allegation made by the whistleblower of exam malpractice in the same department and a further claim by the whistle-blower that they were verbally bullied by a member of school staff after making the allegation were upheld by a committee of school governors a year ago in an outcome letter sent to the whistle blower.