Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Idioms, Wikipedia.


exposure of fraud and abuse by an employee. The federal law that legitimated the concept of the whistle-blower, the False Claims Act (1863, revised 1986), was created to combat fraud by suppliers to the federal government during the Civil War. Under the act, whistle-blowers can receive a percentage of the money recovered or damages won by the government in fraud cases they expose. The act also protects whistle-blowers from wrongful dismissal, allowing for reinstatement with seniority, double back pay, interest on back pay, compensation for discriminatory treatment, and reasonable legal fees. Federal legislation in 1978 barred reprisals against those who exposed government corruption. Harassment and dismissal of and the revelation of widespread waste and fraud in defense contracting led Congress to strengthen the position of whistle-blowers in 1989. Many states also have employment laws that deal with discriminatory treatment of whistle-blowers.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
The aim of the panel discussion was to bring together stakeholders from different organisations to discuss issues regarding the Whistle-blowing Act and the protection of informers.
However, inserting such clauses shall not prevent disclosure of information under the Law on Protection of Whistle-blowers, since the Law expressly states that the provision from a general or individual act preventing whistle-blowing shall be null and void (Article 3, paragraph 2).
Personality traits of employees are significant antecedents of whistle-blowing behaviour.
The GCG whistle-blowing system provides persons with information easy access to GCG communication lines, as well as various reporting channels such as the GCG website, confidential meetings with authorized GCG officers, e-mail, mail, short messaging system, telephone and fax.
In chapter 6, Einar Thorsen, Chindu Sreedharan, and Stuart Allan give a detailed analysis of whistle-blowing, explain how the act itself has been framed and discussed throughout history, and consider how new/digital media has helped make whistle-blowing possible.
In the case of the Philippines, Numann understands that the concept of a whistle-blowing system is hard to adopt among local firms given the culture and high level of fear on a potential whistle-blower's part.
Committee chair Margaret Hodge said: "Whistle-blowing is a crucial source of intelligence to help government identify wrongdoing and risks to public service delivery.
A TEACHER who was spied on by her employer was critical of the school's poor safeguarding measures and undisclosed whistle-blowing policies at an employment tribunal.
Whistle-blowing indicates disclosing organizational wrongdoings resulting in harm to third parties.
"The riskiest whistle-blowing that you can possibly do on the government is as an intelligence contractor."
They cover anatomy of an enrollment fraud, ethical predisposition of certified public accountants: a study of gender differences, enhanced enforcement of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: improving the ethics of US business practices abroad, promoting professionalism: lessons from the medical and legal professions, ethics prompts and their effects on the individual's evaluation of acceptable business practices: considerations for accountants, executive/chair duality in the Sarbanes-Oxley era: board independence versus unity of command, the impact of accounting students' professional skepticism on their ethical perception of earnings management, and classroom cheating: reasons not to whistle-blow and the probability of whistle-blowing. Distributed in North America by Turpin Distribution.