whistle-blowing

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whistle-blowing,

exposure of fraud and abuse by an employee. The federal law that legitimated the concept of the whistle-blower, the False Claims Act (1863, revised 1986), was created to combat fraud by suppliers to the federal government during the Civil War. Under the act, whistle-blowers can receive a percentage of the money recovered or damages won by the government in fraud cases they expose. The act also protects whistle-blowers from wrongful dismissal, allowing for reinstatement with seniority, double back pay, interest on back pay, compensation for discriminatory treatment, and reasonable legal fees. Federal legislation in 1978 barred reprisals against those who exposed government corruption. Harassment and dismissal of and the revelation of widespread waste and fraud in defense contracting led Congress to strengthen the position of whistle-blowers in 1989. Many states also have employment laws that deal with discriminatory treatment of whistle-blowers.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Dodd-Frank whistleblower provisions were not Congress's first attempt to protect corporate whistleblowers.
If a collection results principally from allegations from a whistleblower that themselves were based on judicial or administrative proceedings, government reports, hearing, audit, investigation, or the media, an award of a lesser amount, subject to the discretion of the whistleblower office, may be provided; such an award, however, may not exceed 10% of the collected proceeds, including penalties, interest, additions to tax, and additional amounts resulting from the action.
The report added Assange saying that America has earlier offered asylum to dissidents, whistleblowers and political refugees without any regard to opposition from other governments, yet when today Russia has offered him a temporary asylum, all hell seems to break loose.
Hundreds March on US Consulate in Hong Kong to Support Whistleblower Snowden
7623(b) with respect to a whistleblower claim only after the IRS initiates an administrative or judicial action and collects proceeds.
Through detailed submissions to the IRS Whistleblower Office, The Ferraro Law Firm said it has brought to the government's attention taxpayers who have collectively underpaid their taxes by more than USD 100b.
The Birkenfeld case is an indication by the IRS that it takes whistleblower claims seriously while encouraging others to report fraudulent activity.
Once the amount of proceeds of IRS collections resulting from the claim is determined, the office should notify the whistleblower within 90 days of making that determination.
WHISTLEBLOWER ADVOCATES' INTERPRETATION OF COLLECTED 103
A number of best practice guides and international actors use the term 'whistle blowing' when referring to internal reporting, including the 2013 Transparency International principles for whistleblower legislation, 2011 OECD guidelines for multinational enterprises and the British Standards Institute's 2008 whistle blowing arrangements code of practice.
Whistleblower advocates argue that the pool should also include fines and forfeitures, making the potential payouts to whistleblowers much bigger.
The claims were denied due to examination or whistleblower issues that were a "no change" (in tax liability) or no "Title 26 Collected Proceeds" (seizure of assets under administrative or civil judicial procedures).