wild rice

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wild rice,

tall aquatic plant (Zizania aquatica) of the family Poaceae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family), of a genus separate from common ricerice,
cereal grain (Oryza sativa) of the grass family (Graminae), probably native to the deltas of the great Asian rivers—the Ganges, the Chang (Yangtze), and the Tigris and Euphrates.
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 (Oryza). Wild rice (called also Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats) is a hardy annual with broad blades, reedy stems, and large terminal panicles. It grows best in shallow water along the margins of ponds or lakes in the N United States and S Canada; certain varieties grow also in the Southern states. Strains have been developed since the 1970s that are amenable to mechanized cultivation.

The seeds were one of the chief foods of certain Native American tribes, especially in the Great Lakes region. Native Americans of the Algonquian linguistic family, especially the Ojibwa and Menominee, and certain Sioux warred for centuries for control of the wild-rice fields. The Ojibwa called the grain manomin [good berry], and the Menominee are believed to have been named for a variant of this word; it is said to have some 60 synonyms, from which a great number of geographical names have been taken.

Native Americans gathered the seeds by pulling the grain heads over their canoes and flailing them with paddles. The seeds were sun-dried or parched over a slow fire to crack the hulls, then the grain was threshed by tramping, and winnowed. The harvest was traditionally followed by a thanksgiving festival. The seed is harvested today, especially in Minnesota, for the epicurean market and local use and commands a high price. It is still gathered by traditional methods, though it is dried, threshed, and winnowed by mechanized means. The strains developed for large-scale commercial cultivation have been bred for uniform maturation and are grown paddies. Calfornia is the leading produce of these varieties, which are less expensive but often less flavorful than traditionally grown wild rice.

Wild rice is an important source of food and shelter for fish and waterfowl and is sown for this purpose. It is also planted as an ornamental grass in home garden ponds and bogs. The seed is usually sown in the spring; it should first be soaked in water overnight. Manchurian wild rice (Z. caducifolia) is a smaller plant native to NE Asia.

Wild rice is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wild Rice


(Zizania Aquatica) a grass that grows wild in North America.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Mature (wild rice) seed shatters off in to the water and can reseed itself in areas where the water temperature stays at 40 degrees or below for at least three months as the seed must undergo this to break dormancy each year," Rogers adds.
"Manoomin: The Story of Wild Rice in Michigan" focuses on the history, culture, biology, economics, and spirituality surrounding this sacred plant.
Stir in 11/2 tbsp cumin powder, cook for 1 minute more before adding the following ingredients: 250g cooked brown basmati and wild rice, 125g cooked puy lentils, 40g raisins, 40g pistachios (roughly chopped), 1 tbsp each of chopped dill, parsley, and coriander, zest and juice of 1 lemon, 1/2 tbsp white grape vinegar and 1 tbsp oil.
Whole grains, including quinoa, brown or wild rice, millet, amaranth, oats, and cornmeal, are good sources of B vitamins, and many grain-based products, such as breads and cereals, are fortified with B vitamins.
By the way, the place serves wild rice - a species of marsh grass that grows naturally in shallow aquatic wetlands, lakes and slow moving streams around the paddy.
For the owner of Canadian Pure Wild Rice, the 10 days spent at the annual show in Toronto last November was a launching pad that has gained her more exposure than she can handle, and could quite likely double her sales this year.
The population of Texas wild rice declined significantly between 1940 and 1967 based on historical accounts.
Most Indigenous gatherings would not be complete without one to three wild rice casseroles at the center of the potluck table.
In any case, what is the consequence of unintended gene transfer of Golden Rice genes to wild rice? The wild rice grain may become yellow because of the added beta carotene but it will not confer any biological advantage to the plant which will enable it to crowd out other vegetation.
Elsie Bear's Kitchen will serve a traditional Metis meal of bison stew, wild rice, bannock, and raisin rice pudding.
Asian wild rice or water bamboo, Zizania latifolia Griseb, a member of the same grass tribe, subfamily, and family (Oryzeae, Ehrhartoideae, and Poaceae) as rice, Oryza sativa [1], is an important, aquatic plant in which young culms and rhizomes are edible, and grains, like the North American species, Z.