windsurfing

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windsurfing,

also called boardsailing or sailboarding, water sport that employs a board-and-sail device and combines elements of sailing and surfing. The sailboard was first developed in 1964 by boater and surfer S. Newman Darby of Pennsylvania, but it was a similar craft developed during the 1960s by the Californians Jim Drake, a sailor, and Hoyle Schweitzer, a surfer, that ultimately led to the sport's becoming popular in the 1970s. Essentially, a sailboard is much like a surfboard to which a sail has been attached by a universal joint, thus allowing full manual movement of the sail. By standing on the rudderless board and maneuvering the sail the windsurfer harnesses wind and wave to glide along the water's surface. The sport spread rapidly from California, throughout the United States and North America, Europe, and Australia. There is variation in modern sailboards; they now generally range from 8 to 12 ft (2 to 4 m) and weigh between 15 and 40 lbs (7 to 18 kg); some have attained speeds of over 40 knots. Types of modern windsurfing include racing, freestyle, slalom, and wave sailing, with competitions held throughout the world. The sport has been an Olympic event since 1984, and has had separate contests for men and women since 1992. Kitesurfing or kiteboarding is a variation on windsurfing that emerged in Hawaii in the 1990s; in it, a parachutelike airfoil (the "kite") and a board are used, and aerial maneuvers may be performed. Kitefoiling uses similar equipment with a hydrofoil attached to the underside of the board, allowing the board to glide above the water at a fast speed.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

windsurfing

the sport of sailing standing up on a sailboard that is equipped with a mast, sail, and wishbone boom
www.worldwindsurfing.com
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
While the windsurf enthusiasts bathe in the sun and watch the games unfurl, chairperson and MC Anna Marco announces that there will be an ocean cleanup orientation held by partner organization Pure Oceans.
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It didn't take long until all the trophies have been handed, and the victors had their photo ops in the makeshift platform that the Anilao Windsurf Regatta had once again finally come to a close.
.Travelling up to 20 miles per hour on your windsurf is so exhilarating you hardly know you''re exercising.
Right, he boards a dinghy to get a closer look at the competitors in the Tiree Wave Classic windsurf championships
DAREDEVIL Sharki the pooch is a splash hit - after learning to windsurf with her Midland mistress.
SUPER-fit Richard Cooper was celebrating yesterday after becoming the first person to windsurf around Great Britain.
Mohammed has made Oman Sail and indeed the whole country proud," said Rashid Al Kindi, Sailing Development Manager "He has shown great maturity and dedication, and has been a fantastic representative for the Sultanate." Al Balushi joined Oman Sail's windsurf youth programme in 2014 and progressed to representing the Sultanate at international sailing events in 2017 and again this year before earning his selection for Buenos Aires.
Recent results have demonstrated how far the windsurfing squad has come and we congratulate the whole team as the coaches work towards making their selection of the sailor who will represent Oman in Buenos Aires.' The Oman Sail Youth Windsurf Programme was set up in 2014, with a national team making its international debut in 2016, followed by the Youth Worlds and European Championships in 2017.