periwinkle

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periwinkle,

in botany: see dogbanedogbane,
common name for some members of the Apocynaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees found in most parts of the world but especially in the tropics, where they are often climbing forms. Many species are native to or naturalized in North America.
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.

periwinkle,

any of a group of marine gastropodgastropod,
member of the class Gastropoda, the largest and most successful class of mollusks (phylum Mollusca), containing over 35,000 living species and 15,000 fossil forms.
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 mollusks having conical, spiral shells. Periwinkles feed on algae and seaweed. They are found at the water's edge; out of water, they resist drying by closing themselves into the shell with a horny plate. The edible European species, called the common periwinkle, has become well established on the Atlantic coast of North America. About 12 other species are found on rocky beaches of both the Atlantic and the Pacific coasts. Periwinkles are classified in the phylum MolluscaMollusca
, taxonomic name for the one of the largest phyla of invertebrate animals (Arthropoda is the largest) comprising more than 50,000 living mollusk species and about 35,000 fossil species dating back to the Cambrian period.
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, class Gastropoda, order Mesogastropoda, family Littorinidae, genus Littorina.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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periwinkle

periwinkle

A very powerful vasodilator for the brain so it helps increase blood flow to the brain more efficiently than any other herb known. Increases ATP in the brain which helps cells to function properly- one of the best memory boosters out there, also helps prevent stroke damage, post stroke. Periwinkle is used for circulation, cardiovascular disorders, increasing the use of glucose and oxygen by the brain, memory impairment, motor disorders, inner ear imbalance and hearing loss. Improves vision in 70% of subjects tested. Flowers are edible. Periwinkle made into a tea or salve for external use treats skin problems such as dermatitis, eczema, and acne. Couples use it to treat infections (vaginal douche, penis soak). Used as astringent both internally and externally to stop bleeding, nosebleeds, menstrual, hemorrhaging. Used as mouthwash to treat gingivitis, mouth ulcers. Root is antispasmodic. Note- rare occurrences of dry mouth and heart palpitations. Don't take by itself because it is very constipating, dries up the tissues, so it's good to be blended in with other herbs
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Periwinkle

 

a plant of the genus Vinca of perennial grasses from the Apocynaceae family. The plants have opposite, often tough, shiny, winter-hardy leaves. The flowers are solitary and comparatively large, and are light blue, blue, pink, or white in color. There are seven species in Europe and Western Asia and five in the USSR. The lesser periwinkle (Vinca minor) grows wild in the western regions of the European USSR, in the Crimea, and in the northern part of western Transcaucasia. It is often cultivated in borders and in leafy flower beds of gardens and parks. The herbaceous periwinkle (V. herbacea) is found in the Caucasus and in the southern half of the European USSR, where it is a favorite plant often mentioned in folk songs.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

periwinkle

[′per·i‚wiŋ·kəl]
(pharmacology)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

periwinkle

12
any of various edible marine gastropods of the genus Littorina, esp L. littorea, having a spirally coiled shell
2. 
a. a light purplish-blue colour
b. (as adjective): a periwinkle coat

periwinkle

any of several Eurasian apocynaceous evergreen plants of the genus Vinca, such as V. minor (lesser periwinkle) and V. major (greater periwinkle), having trailing stems and blue flowers
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Friends may call at Winkle Baptist Church on Sunday, from 5-8 p.m.
RV Winkle LLC (RVW) is the owner of the BioPosture brand, a US manufacturer of mattresses and pillows marketed exclusively through the US healthcare community.
Capt Brown was the subject of a documentary two years ago entitled Britain's Greatest Pilot: The Extraordinary Story Of Captain Winkle Brown.
STR Global's preliminary results for July indicate an 8.3 per cent increase in supply, while the demand has dropped by 4.5 per cent, said Winkle.
If all the rooms in the region's pipeline were to open, supply would increase 40%, Winkle said.
Now the tide is turning, certainly for the winkles....
COOLMORE STUD welcomed the first foal by champion three-year-old miler Rip Van Winkle on Monday evening when Miss Khaya, a daughter of Danehill Dancer out of the Group-winning Most Welcome mare Beneventa, produced a bay filly.
Using a cocktail stick or winkle picker, remove the winkles from the shell, discarding the glass like cover.
LTD officials thought the program would continue for at least another year, beginning this September and running through June 2012, LTD spokeswoman Lisa Van Winkle said Friday.
The Irish Derby hero - a distant second to Harbinger in the King George last time out - blew away his five rivals, which were headed by his stablemate and oddson favourite, the Johnny Murtagh-ridden Rip Van Winkle. With stamina not an issue, the 6-1 shot ran the field into the ground under an enterprising ride by Seamie Heffernan.
RIP VAN WINKLE (2.30) can put his rivals to sleep in the Royal Ascot opener, the Queen Anne Stakes, which looks sure to live up to its billing as the race of the week.