wireworm


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Related to wireworm: click beetle

wireworm,

elongate, cylindrical larva of the click beetleclick beetle,
common name for members of the widespread beetle family Elateridae. Also called elater beetle, the click beetle has a hinge across the front of the body that allows it to flex, and a spine-and-groove arrangement on the underside of the body that provides a snapping
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. Most wireworms are hard and brown, but members of some species are soft and whitish. Wireworms live in rotten wood or in the ground and feed on roots and seeds, injuring potatoes, grasses, and a wide variety of leguminous field crops. They live for 2 to 10 years before pupating in the ground or in wood. Methods of control include letting the land lie fallow, rotating crops, and special methods of cultivation. Wireworms are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Coleoptera, family Elateridae.

Bibliography

See bulletins of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

wireworm

the wormlike larva of various elaterid beetles, which feeds on the roots of many crop plants and is a serious agricultural pest
References in periodicals archive ?
Wireworm (Coleoptera: Elateridae) survey in wheat-growing areas of northcentral and northeastern Oregon.
Then there are wireworms, drilling the other half full of holes.
Visible wireworm damage takes the form of 4mm diameter holes created by the worms as they enter the bale.
Lesser cornstalk borers, cutworms and wireworms reduced stands in the absence of protective insecticides, particularly in the late Mar planting.
And Llandyrnog-based agronomist Merfyn Parry said yields may be affected as farmers ditch maize field rotations to guard against wireworm.
In corn, today's sees treatments help fend off secondary insect pests such as wireworm, seed corn maggot and white grub.
There, ARS scientists Rich Novy and Jonathan Whitworth, along with Juan Manuel Alvarez (University of Idaho), identified several potato breeding clones with resistances to aphids, Colorado potato beetle, and wireworm.
The British Ecological Society has welcomed a Swansea University study which has identified naturally occurring alternatives to the harsh pesticides used to control pests like the troublesome wireworm.
Take your pick from slugs, snails, carrot fly, blackfly, greenfly, white fly, cushion scale, leather jackets, wireworm, vine weevil, lily beetle, aphids, capsid bugs, caterpillars, harlequin ladybirds and New Zealand flatworms.
The wireworm can live in the soil for up to five years before metamorphosising into the adult Click Beetle.
INSECT PROBLEMS -- Annual bluegrass weevil -- Leafhopper -- Ant -- Mite -- Aphid -- Mole cricket -- Armyworn -- Periodical cicada -- Billbug -- Scale -- Black turfgrass ataenius -- Sod webworm -- Chinch bug -- Wireworm -- Cutworm -- Ground pearl -- Others: -- Grub Recommendations: (insecticide, rate, when to apply, water in after application, wear rubber gloves, etc.
Usually by summer he is tame enough to be able to throw him the odd treat such as a vine weevil or wireworm.