Wisdom

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Wisdom:

see Wisdom of SolomonWisdom of Solomon
or Wisdom,
early Jewish book included in the Septuagint and the Vulgate but not in the Hebrew Bible. The book opens with an exhortation to seek wisdom, followed by a statement on worldly attitudes.
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Wisdom

See also Genius.
Amenhotep
(fl. 14th century B.C.) pictured as bearded man holding papyrus roll. [Ancient Egypt. Art: Parrinder, 18]
Athena (Rom. Minerva)
goddess of wisdom. [Gk. and Rom. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 713]
Augustine, St
. (354–430) patron saint of scholars; voluminous theological author. [Christian Hagiog.: Brewster, 384–385]
Balder
most beautiful, luminescent, and wise god. [Norse Myth.: Parrinder, 40]
blue salvia
traditional symbol of wisdom; indicates mature judgment. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177]
Bodhi
knowledge by which one attains Nirvana. [Buddhism: Parrinder, 48]
Bragi
god of wisdom, poetry, and eloquence. [Norse Myth: Parrinder, 50]
Chiron
knowledgeable Centaur; instructed Achilles, Jason, and Asclepius. [Gk. Myth.: Parrinder, 62]
Confucius
(551–479 B.C.) Chinese philosopher and writer. [Chinese Hist.: Parrinder, 65]
Enki
god of wisdom; counterpart of Akkadian Ea. [Sumerian Myth.: Parrinder, 90]
Fudo
Japanese god of wisdom. [Jap. Myth.: Leach, 427]
Ganesha
wisdom god having a human body and an elephant head. [Hindu Myth.: Leach, 440]
gold
symbol of sagacity. [Color Symbolism: Jobes, 356]
Hiawatha
“wise man”; legendary founder of Iroquois Confederacy. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 229; Am. Lit.: “Hiawatha” in Benét, 466]
Jerome
St. Latin doctor of Church; preeminent biblical scholar. [Christian Hagiog.: Attwater, 185]
Mimir
guardian of well of wit and wisdom. [Norse Myth.: Wheeler, 244]
Nebo
god of sagacity; inventor of writing. [Babyl. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 749]
Nestor
sage counselor and just king of Pylos. [Gk. Hist.: Wheeler, 257; Gk. Lit.: Iliad]
Odin
god; drank from fountain, became all-knowing. [Norse Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 774]
owl
associated with Athena, goddess of wisdom. [Gk. Myth.: Hall, 231]
Plato
(427–347 B.C.) Greek philosopher revered for wisdom. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 2165]
Sarastro
High Priest represents benevolent guidance. [Ger. Opera: Mozart The Magic Flute in Benét, 619]
scroll
early form of manuscript; symbolic of learning. [Christian Symbolism: Appleton, 85]
Socrates
(469–399 B.C.) wise and respected teacher adept at developing latent ideas. [Gk. Hist.: EB, 16: 1001–1005]
Solomon
invested by God with unprecedented sagacity. [O.T.: I Kings 3:7–13; 4:29–34]
tree of the knowledge of good and evil
eat of its fruit and know all. [O. T.: Genesis 2:9; 3:6]
white mulberry
traditional symbol of wisdom. [Tree Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 176]
References in classic literature ?
For the fear of death is indeed the pretence of wisdom, and not real wisdom, being a pretence of knowing the unknown; and no one knows whether death, which men in their fear apprehend to be the greatest evil, may not be the greatest good.
I have told you already, Athenians, the whole truth about this matter: they like to hear the cross-examination of the pretenders to wisdom; there is amusement in it.
One who has reached my years, and who has a name for wisdom, ought not to demean himself.
Reflecting that I was really too honest a man to be a politician and live, I did not go where I could do no good to you or to myself; but where I could do the greatest good privately to every one of you, thither I went, and sought to persuade every man among you that he must look to himself, and seek virtue and wisdom before he looks to his private interests, and look to the state before he looks to the interests of the state; and that this should be the order which he observes in all his actions.
He has been telling me, Anytus, that he desires to attain that kind of wisdom and virtue by which men order the state or the house, and honour their parents, and know when to receive and when to send away citizens and strangers, as a good man should.
There is Pericles, again, magnificent in his wisdom; and he, as you are aware, had two sons, Paralus and Xanthippus.
SOCRATES: If virtue was wisdom (or knowledge), then, as we thought, it was taught?
SOCRATES: Then we acknowledged that it was not taught, and was not wisdom?
SOCRATES: And therefore not by any wisdom, and not because they were wise, did Themistocles and those others of whom Anytus spoke govern states.
If you are right in you view, and justice is wisdom, then only with justice; but if I am right, then without justice.
And suppose injustice abiding in a single person, would your wisdom say that she loses or that she retains her natural power?
I left that enquiry and turned away to consider whether justice is virtue and wisdom or evil and folly; and when there arose a further question about the comparative advantages of justice and injustice, I could not refrain from passing on to that.