witchcraft and sorcery

witchcraft and sorcery

the use of MAGIC in an attempt to achieve ends which are socially disapproved, e.g. harmful to the victim. Whilst the terms are often used interchangeably, distinctions are also drawn.

For Evans-Pritchard (1937), in witchcraft the powers claimed or alleged are typically seen as ‘inherent’ and portrayed as pervasive in the individual, whilst in sorcery these powers are regarded as learned and are usually more specific (see also SHAMAN). Belief in witchcraft and sorcery occurs mainly in premodern societies. In tribal and preindustrial societies witchcraft functions as a mechanism for the expression of social strains and conflicts. According to Marwick (1970), accusations of witchcraft arise in contexts in which a misfortune occurs and an explanation is sought among those who may have some reason for practising witchcraft against the person experiencing the misfortune.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in classic literature ?
Nothing in any existing court was ever more thoroughly proved than the charges of witchcraft and sorcery for which so many suffered death.
The Fujairah Criminal Court of Appeal has acquitted a woman of charges of practicing witchcraft and sorcery against her sick husband, due to lack of evidence.
The suspect, he said, had told investigators he used various accounts on social media to lure others into believing that he can heal from witchcraft and sorcery and had asked his victims for images needed for the treatment.
The sections are legends of the Tartaro (cyclops); the Heren-Suge: the seven-headed serpent, animal tales; Basa-Jaun, Basa Andre, and Lami[+ or -]ak (wild-man, wild-woman, and fairies), witchcraft and sorcery, Contes de Fees, and religious tales.
Locals said the minor was defiled before being dumped in the dam and are now associating the bizarre incident with witchcraft and sorcery.Her mother, Catherine Njeri, said her child was playing with her colleagues when she went missing.
My point is not that the two sets of factors operate at different levels, and that it is often unclear in analyses of witchcraft and sorcery how the macro-level of global change is linked to the micro-level of everyday interaction (Sanders 2003; see also Englund and Leach 2000).
People are aware that women do get blamed for witchcraft and sorcery elsewhere in Papua New Guinea, and they are, to a degree, suspicious towards inmarried women, particularly from the Simbu province and the coastal areas, but they were adamant that their own women could not possibly conduct sorcery.
by Times News Service An African national was arrested for practicing 'witchcraft and sorcery', Royal Oman Police (ROP) reported.
"The mysterious thing about the talismans is that they all had female names and were wrapped in a Satanic way, which raises the issue of whether witchcraft and sorcery is being practised in Bahrain as a profession.
Islamic extremists in Syria have executed more than 3,000 people in the past year, and this week they added to the death toll by beheading two women after accusing them of witchcraft and sorcery, a rights watch group says.
In both cases, the women were executed with their husbands, with each pair accused of "witchcraft and sorcery".
Such court verdicts notwithstanding, tribals remain in the grip of witchcraft and sorcery. Soon after Hembram's conviction, 40-year-old Baidei Patra was beaten up and paraded naked in her village of Sundergarh district bordering Jharkhand.