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winged mammal of the order Chiroptera, which includes 900–1,000 species classified in about 200 genera and 17 families. Bats range in size from a wingspread of over 5 ft (150 cm) to a wingspread of less than 2 in. (5 cm). They are found in nearly all parts of the world but are most numerous in the tropics; there are about 39 species in the United States. Most bats are economically valuable because of the large number of insects they consume.

The body of the bat is mouselike and usually covered with fine fur. The face varies greatly from one species to another; many species have complex appendages on the snout and projections, or false ears, in front of the true ears; the ears themselves are often very large and elaborately convoluted. These facial structures are part of the sensory apparatus that emits and receives sound vibrations.

Some bats are solitary, living in caves, crevices, hollow trees, or attics; other species are communal, with thousands or even millions of bats roosting together in a cave or on branches in a section of forest. In some species of communal bats, the entire colony leaves the roost together in the evening and returns together in the morning; in others, individuals come and go at different times. Bats of northern regions migrate, hibernate, or both in winter.

In most species, males and females do not associate except during the mating season. Females of most species bear a single young in the summer of each year. The young are then carried by the mothers for a few days, after which they are left in the roost when not nursing; they begin to fly in a few weeks. The life span of some bats is 20 years in captivity.

Special Characteristics

Bat Flight

Bats are the only mammals capable of true flight, that is, flight powered by muscular movement as distinct from gliding. The wing is a double membrane of skin stretched between the enormously elongated bones of four fingers and extending along the body from the forelimbs to the hind limbs and from there to the tail. The thumb is small, clawed, and free from the membrane. The hind limbs are small and may be rotated in such a way that the knees bend backward rather than forward, as in other mammals; this is presumably an adaptation for takeoff and flight. Bats at rest hang head down, grasping a twig or crevice with their clawed feet; they take off into flight from this position.


Nearly all bats are nocturnal and many live in caves; although they see well, they rely primarily on their highly developed hearing, using echolocation (sonar) to avoid collisions and to capture insects in flight. The bat emits high-pitched sounds (up to 100,000 hertz) that echo from objects it encounters; the echo provides the bat with information about the size, shape, and distance of the object. The rate at which bats emit these squeaks is sometimes as high as 200 per second. Blinded bats easily find their way through complex obstacle courses, but deafness leaves them helpless.

Types of Bats

The bat order is divided on anatomical grounds into two major divisions, or suborders: the Megachiroptera, or fruit batsfruit bat,
fruit-eating bat found in tropical regions of the Old World. It is relatively large and differs from other bats in the possession of an independent, clawed second digit; it also depends on sight rather than echo-location in maintaining orientation.
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, found only in the Old World tropics, and the Microchiroptera, or insect-eating bats, with a worldwide distribution. The fruit bats include the largest species of bat, the flying foxes, which may weigh 2 or 3 lbs (.9 to 1.4 kg). Their diet is confined almost entirely to fruit, nectar, and pollen. The insect-eating bats include the smallest bat species. Despite the name, some of these bats live wholly or largely on fruit; a large number eat insects and, in some cases, larger animals. Members of several species catch fish as they skim over water, and the South American vampire batsvampire bat,
name for the blood-drinking bats of the family Desmodontidae, found in the New World tropics. Vampire bats feed exclusively on the blood of living animals and are thus the only true parasites among mammals. There are three species ranging from Argentina to N Mexico.
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 feed exclusively on blood.

The most common bats of the temperate Northern Hemisphere are the Old World horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus), characterized by one or two horseshoe-shaped facial appendages, the cosmopolitan little brown bats (Myotis), big brown bats, or serotines (Eptesicus), and pipistrelles (Pipistrellus). The last three, all represented by species in North America, belong to the plain-nosed bat family (Vespertilionidae), characterized by a lack of appendages on the snout.

There are over a dozen species of Myotis in North America; the common little brown bat, M. lucifugus, is distributed over the entire continent from Alaska and Labrador to the S United States. A colonial bat, it is found in many habitats, including houses. It is about 2 1-2 in. (6.3 cm) long without the tail and weighs about 1-4 oz (7 grams). The North American big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus, of similar distribution, is about three times as heavy, with a wingspread of 12 in. (30 cm). The little and big brown bats are among the species susceptible to white-nose syndrome, which leads to water loss and emaciation during winter hibernation. Identified in 2006 and caused by the fungus Geomyces destructans, it has been devastating to infected bat colonies in North America. Large, solitary North American bats of wide distribution are the hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus, yellow-brown with silver frosting, and the red bat, L. borealis, which is a striking brick-red color. Both have soft, thick fur and roost in trees.

The freetail bats (family Molossidae) are a cosmopolitan group of communal bats characterized by a long tail extending well beyond the end of the tail membrane. Among them are the guano bats (Tadarida), which live in enormous colonies. Their excrement, called guanoguano
, dried excrement of sea birds and bats found principally on the coastal islands of Peru, Africa, Chile, and the West Indies. It contains about 6% phosphorus, 9% nitrogen, 2% potassium, and moisture. Guano is found mixed with feathers and bones and is used as a fertilizer.
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, accumulates in great quantities in their roosting places and is commercially valuable as fertilizer. Most New World freetail bats are tropical, but several are found in the S United States. One of these, the Mexican freetail bat (Tadarida brasiliensis), is noted for its colonies in the Carlsbad Caverns of New Mexico, numbering an estimated 250,000 to 500,000 individuals. When these bats leave the caves together it takes about 20 min for the entire column to make its exit. This family also includes the mastiff bats (Eumops), largest of the North American bats, with a wingspread of 18 in. (46 cm).


Bats are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Chiroptera.


See R. W. Barbour and W. H. Davis, Bats of America (1969); W. A. Wimsatt, ed., Biology of Bats (2 vol., 1970); M. J. Harvey et al., Bats of the United States and Canada (2011).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a bat? (animal)

Bats symbolize the powers of the unknown or of the unconscious. Negatively, they can represent fear, the threatening power of the unknown, and, traditionally, death. Positively, as creatures who are quite at home in the dark, bats can also indicate the skill and knowledge to face the unknown and/or the unconsciousness.

What does it mean when you dream about a bat? (baseball, Cricket and Other Sports)

Unless one’s dream flows directly out of associations with actual games and bats—either in childhood or in the present—the usual connotations of a stick with which one hits things is that of violence and aggression, though it can sometimes represent authority. Traditional psychiatrists also view anything long and straight—especially something like a bat—as a symbol of the male principle.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for all members of the mammalian order Chiroptera.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


bat, 1
1. A piece of brick with one undamaged end; also called a brickbat.
2. A unit of batt insulation.
3. A piece of wood used as a brace.
4. A batten.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


bird that is the devil incarnate. [Western Folklore: Mercatante, 181]
See: Demon


symbol of good fortune; bat flesh imparts felicity. [Eastern Folklore: Mercatante, 182]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. any of various types of club with a handle, used to hit the ball in certain sports, such as cricket, baseball, or table tennis
2. a flat round club with a short handle, resembling a table-tennis bat, used by a man on the ground to guide the pilot of an aircraft when taxiing
3. Cricket short for batsman
4. Austral a small board used for tossing the coins in the game of two-up
5. another word for batting
6. carry one's bat Cricket (of an opening batsman) to reach the end of an innings without being dismissed


any placental mammal of the order Chiroptera, being a nocturnal mouselike animal flying with a pair of membranous wings (patagia). The group is divided into the Megachiroptera (fruit bats) and Microchiroptera (insectivorous bats)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

BAT file

(BATch file) A file of operating system commands that are executed one after the other. Stemming from the DOS and OS/2 worlds, BAT files are also used in Windows. See batch file abc's.

Bat keyboard

A one-handed, chorded keyboard from Infogrip, Ventura, CA ( for people with the use of only one hand. Invented in 1986 and placed on the market in 1991, the Bat keys are pressed in combination like piano chords. Speeds up to 60 words per minute are obtained. Some people also use the Bat in applications that require text and graphics manipulation, typing with one hand while moving the mouse with the other. See keyboard.

The Bat Keyboard
People with the use of only one hand can type on Infogrip's Bat keyboard by pressing keys like piano chords. (Image courtesy of Infogrip,

The Bat

An email client for Windows from RITLabs, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova ( Introduced in 1997 and officially with an exclamation point, The Bat! is an award-winning and very flexible mail client that is popular in Europe. The program is available in both free and paid versions, the latter providing biometric identification and encryption.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.


Most bats are nocturnal predators and just thinking about these mysterious creatures gives most people an uneasy feeling (unless you are a bat lover). Bats may be considered mysterious and unpredictable. When you are interpreting this dream, look carefully at the details and your emotional reactions to the events in the dream. This dream may be related to discrete or covert behaviors. Your unconscious mind may be relating feelings to you in regard to behaviors that you or someone else prefers to keep a secret.
Bedside Dream Dictionary by Silvana Amar Copyright © 2007 by Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
But those who have the courage to face adversity without batting an eyelid are the ones who come out triumphant.
"The best thing is when my six-year-old daughter Jodie holds my bionic hand in the street without batting an eyelid."
We're living in that future, the one where you can blithely talk to computers without batting an eyelid. Even just a couple of years ago, that seemed futuristic.
Some people cruise through these periods of testing without batting an eyelid while others are consumed by fear and panic.
The manual gearbox was highly responsive and you could really slip through it without batting an eyelid.
I passed two of these troupes coming in the opposite direction, pushing a cart and chatting happily away to each other and, as I did so, they rolled the cart through a pile of broken glass from a discarded beer bottle without batting an eyelid.
"Working in the catering industry you just throw stuff away without batting an eyelid.
"But whoever was in charge for the day took the slip and read it and without hesitation went to the till and handed over pounds 225 without batting an eyelid.
President Klaus continued without batting an eyelid, noting in passing that under the Soviet regime his country had been through a "bitter experience" because opposition was impossible...
Standing next to the larger-than-life Iraqi President Jalal Talabani and without batting an eyelid Bush said, "the war had been necessary for American security, Iraqi hope and world peace." Praising the bitterly contested US-Iraq pact, the president reminded the world that the agreement was "a way forward to help the Iraqi people realize the blessings of a free society!"
"The includes the Price Commission who apparently let an increase of 50 per cent, go through without batting an eyelid or, I suspect, without carrying out any sort of investigation at all."
Just last night I asked my mother what was television and without batting an eyelid she said 'dust'.