witness


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witness:

see evidenceevidence,
in law, material submitted to a judge or a judicial body to resolve disputed questions of fact. The rules discussed in this article were developed in England for use in jury trials.
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Witness

 

in law, a person summoned by a court or investigating authority to give testimony concerning circumstances that are known to the person and are important for resolving a criminal or civil case. In Soviet law, a witness may be any person, with certain exceptions, regardless of age or relationship—family or other—to persons involved in a case. The exceptions include defendants in criminal cases, representatives in civil cases, and people who for mental or physical reasons are unable to perceive the facts or give accurate testimony. The accused may not be questioned as a witness on the circumstances surrounding the act for which he or his accomplices are accused. A witness cannot be replaced and is not subject to challenge.

A witness must appear when summoned and must given complete and truthful testimony. Failure to appear without good reason can result in a fine or compulsory appearance. A witness is criminally responsible for giving deliberately false testimony, for refusing to answer, or for giving evasive answers. He has the right to give testimony in his native language, and at a pretrial investigation he may look over the report of his questioning and request corrections and supplements. A witness may also request an appeal of the actions of an investigator. A witness summoned to testify continues to receive his normal wages and is compensated for traveling expenses and lodging.

Witness

cranes of Ibycus
called on by the dying poet to bear witness, the birds lead to the murderers’ conviction. [Gk. Myth.: NCE, 1307]

witness

1. a person or thing giving or serving as evidence
2. a person who testifies, esp in a court of law, to events or facts within his own knowledge
3. a person who attests to the genuineness of a document, signature, etc., by adding his own signature
4. bear witness
a. to give written or oral testimony
b. to be evidence or proof of
References in classic literature ?
Brown was reported to be still in bed; and the witness was informed of the number of the room.
Having concluded his statement the witness proceeded to identify the remains of the deceased.
Allowing for my learned friend's appearance being careless and slovenly if not debauched, they were sufficiently like each other to surprise, not only the witness, but everybody present, when they were thus brought into comparison.
"You will naturally be anxious to hear of the witness, Miss Manette.
The little judge turned to the witness as soon as his indignation would allow him to speak, and said--
"The last witness said it was," commented the counsel, with unscrupulous swiftness.
Rouletabille bowed to the President, and made his way to the door of the witnesses' room.
It was of the utmost importance in this case to show (on the testimony of an unprejudiced witness) on what terms the husband and wife were living.
No consideration of less importance than my consideration for Laura would have induced me to consent to be a witness at all.
The church and the mayor's office being near by, Luigi and Ginevra, followed by the four witnesses required by law, walked the distance, with a simplicity that deprived of all pomp this greatest event in social life.
For two days they had been engaged in reconnoitring the most favorable situation for a post at Gouina, when they became witnesses of Dr.
Garrow, whose subtle cross-examination of witnesses and masterly, if sometimes startling, methods of arriving at the truth seemed more thrilling to us than any novel.