witness

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witness:

see evidenceevidence,
in law, material submitted to a judge or a judicial body to resolve disputed questions of fact. The rules discussed in this article were developed in England for use in jury trials.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Witness

 

in law, a person summoned by a court or investigating authority to give testimony concerning circumstances that are known to the person and are important for resolving a criminal or civil case. In Soviet law, a witness may be any person, with certain exceptions, regardless of age or relationship—family or other—to persons involved in a case. The exceptions include defendants in criminal cases, representatives in civil cases, and people who for mental or physical reasons are unable to perceive the facts or give accurate testimony. The accused may not be questioned as a witness on the circumstances surrounding the act for which he or his accomplices are accused. A witness cannot be replaced and is not subject to challenge.

A witness must appear when summoned and must given complete and truthful testimony. Failure to appear without good reason can result in a fine or compulsory appearance. A witness is criminally responsible for giving deliberately false testimony, for refusing to answer, or for giving evasive answers. He has the right to give testimony in his native language, and at a pretrial investigation he may look over the report of his questioning and request corrections and supplements. A witness may also request an appeal of the actions of an investigator. A witness summoned to testify continues to receive his normal wages and is compensated for traveling expenses and lodging.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Witness

cranes of Ibycus
called on by the dying poet to bear witness, the birds lead to the murderers’ conviction. [Gk. Myth.: NCE, 1307]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

witness

1. a person or thing giving or serving as evidence
2. a person who testifies, esp in a court of law, to events or facts within his own knowledge
3. a person who attests to the genuineness of a document, signature, etc., by adding his own signature
4. bear witness
a. to give written or oral testimony
b. to be evidence or proof of
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
But his distraught mum Christine has told of her family's hell having to witness Mark receive what she claimed was at times "diabolical care".
ECHO mobile For news/text ECHO Counsel Mark James conceded there were "various procedural shortcomings" on the part of the family's lawyers in the county court but challenged rulings by the judge which excluded evidence relating to DNA analysis and that of witness Mark Kirk.
Expert witness Mark White, the technical manager of Bradley Doublelock, tested the ball and socket link.
Witness Mark Spooner said he heard three "snaps" as the ties holding the structure broke.
Prosecution witness Mark Anthony Hughes said there was ``nothing of him'' and he had no chance against the two large men who attacked him.
The DOJ panel instead indicted nine traders, including warehouse owner Chen Ju Long alias Richard Tan, or Richard Chen, and customs fixer turned Senate witness Mark Taguba II for the importation of dangerous drugs.
Witness Mark Slee, who was a Turning Point project worker for the service user, told the panel he the service user felt "victimised" and that "money had been deliberately withheld from him".
Witness Mark Whitby reported the man was shot five times at close range after he had jumped on a train.
Yesterday, at Leicester Crown Court, witness Mark Brown described the incident when he spotted three of the five men charged with their murders - including a halfbrother of one of the victims - inside a red Ford car heading towards the party venue.
Witness Mark Coote, 18, said: ``The roof had come straight off the bus.