ringdove(redirected from wood pigeon)
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(Columba palumbus), a bird of the family Columbidae. The body is about 45 cm long. The head is bluegray, the back brownish, the throat rose-colored, and the neck has white spots and a greenish half-collar with a coppery tinge. The bird is found in Europe, western Asia, and northwest Africa. In the USSR it is found east to Omsk and from 61°-62° N lat. south to and including the Ukraine, the lower Volga, the Crimea, and the Caucasus, as well as Middle Asia. The ringdove is a migratory bird. It inhabits forests, nesting in trees. A clutch consists of two eggs. The bird feeds in fields, its diet consisting of seeds and, more rarely, insects, worms, mollusks, and berries. It is hunted for sport. The number of ringdoves is declining because of the cutting of forests and excessive game shooting.