woodcock

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woodcock:

see snipesnipe,
common name for a shore bird of the family Scolopacidae (sandpiper family), native to the Old and New Worlds. The common, or Wilson's snipe (Capella gallinago), also called jacksnipe, is a game bird of marshes and meadows.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Woodcock

 

(Scolopax rusticóla), a bird of the family Scolopacidae, order Charadriiformes. The upper part of the body is rusty red with dark spots; the lower part is reddish gray with cross stripes. The bill is long. Length of the body, 34-38 cm; weight, 270-350 g.

The woodcock is widespread in Europe and Asia. In the USSR it is found in the north up to 60°-64° N lat, and in the south to the forest-steppe zone. It winters in southern Europe, Transcaucasia, Middle and South Asia, and North Africa. The woodcock stays in humid mixed and deciduous forests. Propagation begins in April. The nest is on the ground, with four eggs per clutch; only the female broods the young. Food (earthworms and insect larvae) is taken from the soil and the forest floor. The woodcock is hunted for sport.

REFERENCE

Kozlova, E. V. “Kuliki.” In Fauna SSSR: Ptitsy, vol. 2, issue 1, part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

woodcock

1. an Old World game bird, Scolopax rusticola, resembling the snipe but larger and having shorter legs and neck: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc.), order Charadriiformes
2. a related North American bird, Philohela minor
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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