Woolly Rhinoceros

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Woolly Rhinoceros

 

(Coelodonta antiquitatis), an extinct odd-toed ungulate of the family Rhinocerotidae. The woolly rhinoceros was larger than modern rhinoceroses (its height at the shoulders was more than 2 m), and it was covered with thick, woolly hair. The body was massive, with a fatty hump on the neck and two horns on the head—one on the nose (up to 1 m long) and one farther back on the forehead (significantly shorter). The woolly rhinoceros and the mammoth inhabited the tundra and forest tundra, feeding on grasses, pine needles, shrubs, and the shoots of young trees. In the late Pleistocene epoch the woolly rhinoceros was distributed throughout Europe (with the exception of the extreme southern areas) and northern Asia. In the permafrost mountain rocks of Eastern Siberia, bones and even carcasses of woolly rhinoceroses have been found, covered with dark brown fur. Two carcasses without hair were found in the western Ukraine in clayey sands saturated with oil. Late Stone Age man hunted the woolly rhinoceros. Rock paintings of the animal have been preserved.

REFERENCE

Gekker, R. F. Razvitie zhizni na zemle: Al’bom nagliadnykh posobii. Moscow, 1947.

B. A. TROFIMOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Occasionally woolly rhinoceroses appear in the Magdalenian paintings (these probably became extinct between 14,000 and 12,000 years ago, although some sources believe that a few remaining groups survived in the Ukraine and in south Russia up until 3,000 years ago), and, more rarely, carnivores such as bears and felines are found.
The most commonly portrayed creatures are woolly rhinoceroses, lions, and bears, as well as a smaller number of mammoths, oxen, horses, and wild cats.